Other Resources and Links

The Web links below are provided for informational purposes only. Links outside of Ocean Explorer have been checked at the time of this page's publication, but the linking sites may become outdated or non-operational over time.

Web site for NOAA’s Ocean Exploration program.

Ocean Explorer image gallery.

Phylum Cnidaria on Biomedia of the Glasgow University Zoological Museum on the Biological Sciences, University of Paisley, Scotland Web site; includes explanations of the major classes, a glossary of terms and diagrams and photos.

Article from California Wild: Stinging Seas - Tread Softly In Tropical Waters by Gary C. Williams; an introduction to the venomous nature of tropical cnidarians, why and how they do it.

CancerQuest Web site; includes an introduction to cell biology; structure and action of anti-cancer drugs.

The Arbor Project’s Web page on bird biodiversity.

Activity manual developed during the 1996/97 teacher internship program of the Center for Engineering Plants for Resistance Against Pathogens at the University of California, Davis.

Web site of the Glo-Germ Company, with activity ideas related to microorganisms.

A special issue of Current: the Journal of Marine Education on deep-sea corals.

Life on Australian Seashores by Keith Davey on the Marine Education Society of Australasia Web site, with an easy introduction to Cnidaria, including their method of reproduction.

The Moonsnail Project’s mini-lecture on diversity.

Website of the National Cancer Institute.

The Oceanic Research Group Web site; lots of photos, but note that they are very explicit about their copyrights; check out Cnidarians: Simple but Deadly Animals! by Jonathan Bird, which provides an easy introduction designed for classroom use.

An overview article on drugs from the sea.

Web site with lots of background and activities on multiple science topics, including microorganisms.

The Geologic and Paleontologic Cookbook.

Web site of the Science in the Real World: Microbes in Action project of the Department of Biology, University of Missouri - St. Louis.

Worksheet on sterile techniques.

Background and activities from the 1993 Woodrow Wilson Biology Institute on biotechnology.

Report on the Darwin Mounds, a recently discovered group of hard-bottom habitats in the United Kingdom’s 200 nm offshore zone.

Maxwell, S. 2005. An Aquatic Pharmacy: The Biomedical Potential of the Deep Sea. Current 21(4):31-32; available online at:

Frame, C. and H. Gillelan. 2005. Threats to deep-sea corals and their conservation in U.S. waters. Current 21(4):46-47; available online at:

Morgan, L. E. 2005. What are deep-sea corals? Current 21(4):2-4; available online at:

Pickrell, J. 2004. Trawlers Destroying Deep-Sea Reefs, Scientists Say. National Geographic News. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/02/0219_040219_seacorals.html

Reed, J. K. and S. W. Ross. 2005. Deep-water reefs off the southeastern U.S.: Recent discoveries and research. Current 21(4):33-37; available online at

Roberts, S. and M. Hirshfield. Deep Sea Corals: Out of sight but no longer out of mind. http://www.oceana.org/fileadmin/oceana/uploads/reports/oceana_coral_report_final.pdf Background on deep-water coral reefs



For More Information

Contact Paula Keener-Chavis, national education coordinator for the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration, for more information.

Other lesson plans developed for this Web site are available in the Education Section.