2016 Hohonu Moana: Exploring Deep Waters off Hawaiʻi






Photo and Video Log

This page contains photos and videos associated with the 2016 Hohonu Moana: Exploring Deep Waters off Hawaiʻi expedition. Click on any image to view a larger version and for additional information.

Unless otherwise noted, all images and videos are courtesy of the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, 2016 Hohonu Moana: Exploring Deep Waters off Hawaiʻi.

(HR) = "High Resolution" images available.

Dive Highlight Videos | Images (Daily Updates) | Images (Mission Logs) |
Images (Background Essays)

 


Highlight Videos

Geology on the Ocean Floor

videoGeology on the Ocean Floor
Rock samples collected during this expedition will help geologists weave the story of our dynamic planet. (Video)

Mapping the Ocean

videoMapping the Ocean
Mapping the seafloor can reveal features, such as seamounts, that we didn't even know existed before. (Video)

Dr. Daniel Wagner, science lead from the expedition.

video Featured Scientist: Daniel Wagner
Meet Dr. Daniel Wagner, science lead from the expedition. (Video)

A featherstar, or unstalked, crinoid that was found attached to a coral during Dive 8.

video Dive 8: Crinoid
A featherstar, or unstalked, crinoid that was found attached to a coral during Dive 8. (Video)

Close-up view of the tube feet of a sea star, seen on March 10, 2016, while exploring the never-surveyed Castellano Seamount at a depth of approximately 2,000 meters.

video Dive 7: Sea Star
Close-up view of the tube feet of a sea star. (Video)

An amazing diversity of beautiful and fragile coral and ancient organisms have occupied Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument for hundreds to thousands of years.

video Dive 7: Diverse Communities
An amazing diversity of beautiful and fragile coral and ancient organisms. (Video)

Most people don't realize that the vast majority of our planet is deep ocean.

video Dive 7: Deep Ocean
Most people don't realize that the vast majority of our planet is deep ocean. (Video)

Shrimp were just one of the many types of animals encountered during the March 10 dive on a previously unexplored seamount.

video Dive 6: Shrimp
Shrimp were just one of the many types of animals encountered during the March 9 dive. (Video)

A look at a few of the seastars encountered during Dive 6 of the expedition on an unnamed seamount west of Salmon Bank.

video Dive 6: Seastars
A look at a few of the seastars encountered during Dive 6 on an unnamed seamount. (Video)

Diversity of animal communities seen during Dive 6.

video Dive 6: Animal Communities
Diversity of animal communities seen during Dive 6. (Video)

Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument is the single largest fully protected conservation area in the United States, and one of the largest marine conservation areas in the world.

video Monument
Papahānaumokuākea is the single largest fully protected conservation area in the U.S. (Video)

Learn more about the significance and meaning of the name, Papahānaumokuākea, from expedition science lead Dr. Daniel Wagner.

video Papahānaumokuākea
Learn more about the significance and meaning of the name, "Papahānaumokuākea." (Video)

Highlights of some of the extraordinary life encounter during dives on the 2016 Hohonu Moana expedition, including dives to explore submarine canyons.

video Deep-sea Life
Highlights of some of the extraordinary life encounter during dives on the expedition. (Video)

Throughout the dive, scientists saw a wide diversity of beautiful undersea sponges.

video Dive 6: Sponges
Throughout Dive 6, scientists saw a wide diversity of beautiful undersea sponges. (Video)

Jellyfish swimming just above the seafloor. Seen during a dive to explore the top portion of an unnamed seamount west of Salmon Bank.

video March 9: Jelly
Jellyfish swimming just above the seafloor of an unnamed seamount west of Salmon Bank. (Video)

Dive 5 was conducted on March 5 on an unnamed seamount east of Bank 9.

video Dive 5: Seamounts
Dive 5 was conducted on March 5 on an unnamed seamount east of Bank 9. (Video)

his coronate jelly was seen north of Pioneer Bank in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument on March 4, 2016.

video March 4: Jelly
This coronate jelly was seen north of Pioneer Bank in the monument on March 4, 2016. (Video)

This jelly was seen pulsing through the water colum during the fourth dive of the expedition, on March 5, 2016.

video March 4: Jelly
This jelly was seen pulsing through the water column during the fourth dive of the expedition. (Video)

While much of the Deep Discoverer's time is spent traversing and collecting imagery of the seafloor, we do occassionally catch glimpses of animals in the water column.

video March 4: Water Column Exploration
The water column is a vast, poorly understood habitat. (Video)

Dive 4 was located on a headwall scarp on the north side of Pioneer Bank.

video March 4: Community
These images illustrate that the deep sea is in fact full of life. (Video)

Holothurians, or sea cucumbers, like this one find their food on the seafloor, but are often seen swimming in the water column between feeding sessions. Given the transparency of this sea cucumber, it is easy to see that it has eaten recently.

videoMarch 4: Sea Cucumber
Sea cucumbers like this one find their food on the seafloor, but are often seen swimming in the water column between feeding sessions. (Video)

An objective of the 2016 Hohonu Moana: Exploring Deep Waters off Hawaii expedition is explore in and around Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

video Papahānaumokuākea
The Monument is one of the largest, most remote marine protected areas on the globe. (Video)

Swimming sea cucumber seen on March 2, 2016, on a rift zone ridge extending to the south of Pioneer Bank at a depth of ~2,300 meters.

video March 2: Sea Cucumber
Swimming sea cucumber seen on a rift zone ridge extending to the south of Pioneer Bank. (Video)

Highlights from Dive 2 of the expedition on a submarine canyon on the north side of French Frigate Shoals.

video February 28: Dive 2
Highlights from Dive 2 of the expedition on a submarine canyon on the north side of French Frigate Shoals. (Video)

During Dive 2 of the expedition, the Deep Discoverer encountered this deepwater shark.

video Dive 2: Shark
During Dive 2, Deep Discoverer came "face-to-face" with this shark. (Video)

During the first dive of the expedition to explore on the northeast side of Necker Island, Dive 1 the Deep Discoverer remotely operated vehicle encountered this octopus.

video Dive 1: Octopus
During Dive 1, Deep Discoverer encountered this unusual octopus. (Video)

 

 


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Images (Daily Updates)

The at-sea team poses for a picture on the bow of the ship.

March 18
The at-sea team poses for a picture on the bow of the ship. (HR)

Expedition Science Leads Daniel Wagner (foreground) and Jonathan Tree (background) use the transit days to take a final look at the samples we collected before the samples are packaged up to be sent to their repositories.

March 12-17
Expedition Science Leads take a final look at collected samples before the samples are packaged up to be sent to their repositories. (HR)

D2 collects a rock on an unnamed seamount 180 nautical miles south of Midway Island.

March 11
D2 collects a rock on an unnamed seamount 180 nautical miles south of Midway Island. (HR)

D2 discovered one of the largest aggregations of brisingid sea stars anyone on the ship had ever seen.

March 10
D2 discovered one of the largest aggregations of brisingid sea stars anyone on the ship had ever seen. (HR)

D2 investigates a coral on an unnamed seamount west of Salmon Bank.

March 9
D2 investigates a coral on an unnamed seamount west of Salmon Bank. (HR)

A view of the solar eclipse.

March 8
A view of the solar eclipse. (HR)

The Okeanos Explorer beats its way into heavy seas.

March 6-7
The Okeanos Explorer beats its way into heavy seas. (HR)

A purple crinoid hangs out on a dead coral stalk.

March 5
A purple crinoid hangs out on a dead coral stalk. (HR)

A swimming sea cucumber seen near the cliff.

March 4
A swimming sea cucumber seen near the cliff. (HR)

GVA Nicky Applewhite stands the lookout watch as we map our way to our next dive site.

March 3
GVA Nicky Applewhite stands the lookout watch as we map our way to our next dive site. (HR)

A brittle star hangs out in a bubblegum coral.

March 2
A brittle star hangs out in a bubblegum coral. (HR)

Large swells continued to disrupt ship operations.

March 1
Large swells continued to disrupt ship operations. (HR)

Rough seas prevented the ship come conducting operations.

February 29
Rough seas prevented the ship from conducting operations. (HR)

A dandelion siphonophore imaged in a submarine canyon north of French Frigate Shoals.

February 28
A dandelion siphonophore imaged in a submarine canyon north of French Frigate Shoals. (HR)

Deep Discoverer collects a geological sample at 4,300 meters East of Necker Island.

February 27
Deep Discoverer collects a geological sample at 4,300 meters east of Necker Island. (HR)

In this screen capture of the EK60 data acquisition screen, you can see the deep scattering layer near the surface.

February 26
Screen capture of the EK60 data acquisition screen showing the deep scattering layer near the surface. (HR)

Chief Boatswain Jerrod Hozendorf loads some final stores before getting underway.

February 25
Chief Boatswain Jerrod Hozendorf loads some final stores before getting underway. (HR)

 


 


 


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Images (Mission Logs)

A predatory sea star slowly works its way up a bamboo coral on an unnamed seamount in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
A predatory sea star slowly works its way up a bamboo coral on an unnamed seamount in the monument. (HR)

A close up of an anemone on an unnamed seamount in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
A close up of an anemone on an unnamed seamount in the monument. (HR)

This halosaur was seen in a submarine canyon north of French Frigate Shoals in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
This halosaur was seen in a submarine canyon north of French Frigate Shoals. (HR)

This coronate jelly was seen north of Pioneer Bank in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
This coronate jelly was seen north of Pioneer Bank in the monument. (HR)

A squat lobster north of Pioneer Bank in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
A squat lobster north of Pioneer Bank in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. (HR)

While exploring at depths of over 4,000 meters northeast of Necker Island in the Hawaiian Archipelago, Deep Discoverer encountered this ghostlike octopod, which is almost certainly an undescribed species and may not belong to any described genus.

Highlight Images
This ghostlike octopod is almost certainly an undescribed species and may not belong to any described genus. (HR)

Holothurians, or sea cucumbers, like this one find their food on the seafloor, but are often seen swimming in the water column between feeding sessions.

Highlight Images
Sea cucumbers like this one find their food on the seafloor, but are often seen swimming in the water column between feeding sessions. (HR)

This glass sponge was imaged on an unnamed seamount just outside the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
This glass sponge was imaged on an unnamed seamount just outside the monument. (HR)

This brisingid sea star was imaged by Deep Discoverer while exploring an unnamed seamount just outside the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
This brisingid sea star was imaged while exploring an unnamed seamount just outside the monument. (HR)

A crinoid, sometimes also called a feather star, is perched on top of a dead coral stalk on an unnamed seamount in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
A crinoid perched on top of a dead coral stalk on an unnamed seamount. (HR)

This member of the family Ophidiidae was seen cruising near the bottom north of Pioneer Bank in Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
This member of the family Ophidiidae was seen cruising near the bottom north of Pioneer Bank. (HR)

Great shot of the tube feet of a sea star as it moves along the seafloor.

Highlight Images
Great shot of the tube feet of a sea star as it moves along the seafloor. (HR)

This beautiful siphonophore was seen close to the ocean bottom on an unnamed seamount just outside Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
This beautiful siphonophore was seen close to the ocean bottom on an unnamed seamount. (HR)

A close-up shot of the polyps of a bamboo coral on an unnamed seamount just outside Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
A close-up shot of the polyps of a bamboo coral on an unnamed seamount just outside the monument. (HR)

This Ceriantharia anemone was imaged by Deep Discoverer in a submarine canyon north of French Frigate Shoals in Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
This anemone was imaged by Deep Discoverer in a canyon north of French Frigate Shoals. (HR)

A deepwater shrimp swims away from Deep Discoverer on an unnamed seamount just outside the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
A deepwater shrimp swims away from Deep Discoverer on an unnamed seamount. (HR)

Several solitary hydrozoans live under a small overhang along with numerous sponges, north of Pioneer Bank in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Highlight Images
Several solitary hydrozoans live under a small overhang along with numerous sponges. (HR)

Uncle Lee's Seabee unit in Kwajalien, 1943.

March 14
Uncle Lee's Seabee unit in Kwajalien, 1943. (HR)

The logo for the U.S. Navy Seabees.

March 14
The logo for the U.S. Navy Seabees.

Portrait of F. Lee Fulton, taken in Goldsboro, North Carolina.

March 14
Portrait of F. Lee Fulton, taken in Goldsboro, North Carolina.

Image from the the Seabee book 74th Ballalion in Review 1943-1944

March 14
Image from the the Seabee book, "74th Ballalion in Review 1943-1944." (HR)

Photograph of new species of squat lobster sitting on a new species of black coral taken by the Okeanos Explorer ROVs during the 2015 expedition to the Monument.

March 9
Photograph of new species of squat lobster sitting on a new species of black coral. (HR)

Map of Academician Berg and Turnif Seamount created by high-resolution mapping data collected during the 2014 expedition to the Monument aboard the R/V Falkor.

March 9
Map of Academician Berg and Turnif Seamount. (HR)

R/V Falkor docked at Honolulu prior to mapping expedition to the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument in 2014.

March 9
R/V Falkor docked at Honolulu prior to the 2014 mapping expedition. (HR)

NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer docked at Pearl Harbor prior to expedition to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2015.

March 9
NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer docked at Pearl Harbor prior to the 2015 expedition. (HR)

ROV Deep Discoverer imaging a high-density community that included several species that are likely new to science during the 2016 expedition to the Monument.

March 9
Deep Discoverer imaging a community that included several species that are likely new to science. (HR)

Capt. Joseph E. Hart, USN (Ret.) with his Navy aircraft during World War II.

March 7
Capt. Joseph E. Hart, USN (Ret.) with his Navy aircraft during World War II. (HR)

Capt. Hart in uniform.

March 7
Capt. Hart in uniform. (HR)

Ed McNichol with the Deep Discoverer remotely operated vehicle.

March 7
Ed McNichol with the Deep Discoverer remotely operated vehicle. (HR)

Deep Discoverer deployment!

March 5
Deep Discoverer deployment! (HR)

ROV Engineering Team with ROV Deep Discoverer.

March 5
Engineering Team with ROV Deep Discoverer. (HR)

Seirios on deck after a successful dive.

March 5
Seirios on deck after a successful dive. (HR)

Port side, biological sampling bin open to receive a coral sample.

March 5
Port-side biological sampling bin open to receive a coral sample. (HR)

Deep Discoverer slowly working its way up a canyon wall.

March 3
Deep Discoverer slowly working its way up a canyon wall. (HR)

Bathymetric chart of French Frigate Shoals.

March 3
Bathymetric chart of French Frigate Shoals. (HR)

Jonathan Tree, hard at work in the control, preparing for Dive 2.

March 3
Jonathan Tree, hard at work in the control, preparing for Dive 2. (HR)

Deepwater shark moving to attack position.

March 3
Deepwater shark moving to "attack” position. (HR)

This ghostlike octopod almost certainly an undescribed species and may not belong to any described genus.

March 2
This ghostlike octopod is almost certainly an undescribed species and may not belong to any described genus. (HR)

ROV Deep Discoverer approaches the unknown octopod at 4,290 meters depth.

March 2
ROV Deep Discoverer approaches the unknown octopod at 4,290 meters depth. (HR)

ROV Deep Discoverer is recovered after the first successful dive of the expedition.

March 2
ROV Deep Discoverer is recovered after the first successful dive of the expedition. (HR)

This squat lobster hangs on tightly to its soft coral despite the current.

February 28
This squat lobster hangs on tightly to its soft coral despite the current. (HR)

A shrimp and a squat lobster share the same soft coral host.

February 28
A shrimp and a squat lobster share the same soft coral host. (HR)

The purple squat lobster has stalked barnacles attached to it.

February 28
The purple squat lobster has stalked barnacles attached to it.

The unknown thorn-studded king crab marches across the seafloor.

February 28
The unknown thorn-studded king crab marches across the seafloor. (HR)

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Images (Background Essays)

The project area to be explored within and around Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (white boundary).

Mission Plan
Area to be explored within and around Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. (HR)

Map showing the transit path of NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer from Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument to Kwajalein Atoll, with several dive sites planned along the way.

Mission Plan
Map showing the transit path of NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer from the Monument to Kwajalein Atoll. (HR)

NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer uses telepresence technology to transmit data in real-time to a shore-based hub where the video is then transmitted to a number of Exploration Command Centers located around the country as well as to any internet enabled device.

Mission Plan
Okeanos Explorer uses telepresence technology to transmit data in real-time to a shore-based hub. (HR)

A map of the Hawaiian Archipelago showing the location of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (blue outlined area).

Papahānaumokuākea
Map showing location of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Strike poster

Battle of Midway
Author's depiction of Japanese carrier force just prior to launching an initial attack on the island of Midway. (HR)

Photo collage of The Chunk.

Battle of Midway
Photo collage of The Chunk. (HR)

Colonies of Hawaiian bubblegum coral at 350 meters depth with anemones, brittle stars, and other animals living in their branches.

Deep-sea Corals
Colonies of Hawaiian bubblegum coral with anemones, brittle stars, and other animals living in their branches. (HR)

A Hawaiian species of gorgonian called Rhodaniridogorgia bending in the current.

Deep-sea Corals
A Hawaiian species of gorgonian called Rhodaniridogorgia bending in the current. (HR)

Gold coral (yellow) in the process of overgrowing a bamboo coral colony (orange) that it will eventually completely cover.

Deep-sea Corals
Gold coral in the process of overgrowing a bamboo coral colony that it will eventually completely cover. (HR)

A mosaic of Gloria data for the northern end of PMNM. Note that in this image, lighter color denotes hard seafloor whereas darker color shows softer sediment seafloor.

History of Mapping & Diving
A mosaic of Gloria data for the northern end of PMNM.

The UH swath ship, R/V Kilo Moana.

History of Mapping & Diving
The UH swath ship, R/V Kilo Moana. (HR)

Donut cruise mapping around St Rogatien Banks and French Frigate Shoals.

History of Mapping & Diving
"Donut cruise" mapping around St. Rogatien Banks and French Frigate Shoals. (HR)

Synthesis of PMNM multibeam bathymetry.

History of Mapping and Diving
Synthesis of PMNM multibeam bathymetry. (HR)

Pisces 5 submersible.

History of Mapping and Diving
Pisces 5 submersible. (HR)

Deep-water corals and sponges found in PMNM in 2003.

History of Mapping and Diving
Deep-water corals and sponges found in PMNM in 2003. (HR)

Two unnamed seamounts located southwest of Midway Atoll.

Seamounts
Two unnamed seamounts located southwest of Midway Atoll. (HR)

A flat-topped seamount known only as Bank 9 that has two major terraces and therefore may be a composite of two separate seamounts of different ages.

Seamounts
A flat-topped seamount known only as Bank 9 that may be a composite of two separate seamounts. (HR)

Academician Berg and Turnif seamounts in the northernmost extent of PMNM.  Both are Hawaiian in origin with typical flat tops created when they were at the surface thousands of years ago.

Seamounts
Academician Berg and Turnif seamounts in the northernmost extent of PMNM. (HR)

Ladd seamount in PMNM.

Seamounts
Ladd seamount in PMNM. (HR)

 

 

 

 

 

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