INDEX-SATAL: A US and Indonesian Partnership to Explore Indonesia’s Seas
A Priority for Two Ocean Nations
The Indonesia-USA Deep-Sea Exploration of the Sangihe Talaud Region (INDEX-SATAL 2010) expedition kicks off a new era of scientific cooperation between the United States and Indonesia. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia encouraged the joint expedition and it has been strongly supported by the U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia Cameron Hume. The joint-expedition also advances the approach called for by President Obama in his landmark June 2009 speech at Cairo University. This partnership is just one of several initiatives that directly support a recently developed Science and Technology agreement between the two ocean Nations.
Why Ocean Exploration?
Because the health of the environment and economy go hand-in-hand. The extraordinary natural resources in Southeast Asian waters sustain the lives of hundreds of millions of people in the region and benefit many millions more worldwide. Mapping and discovery data collected through this partnership will help to better understand, use and protect ocean resources. Over the long-term, we hope this will lead to economic and environmental benefits including sustainably managed fisheries, appropriate conservation of the marine environment, and a better understanding of our still mysterious ocean.
Development of an Ocean Exploration Partnership
Though this partnership has been developing for well over a year, the May 2009 World Ocean Conference in Manado, Indonesia was a key milestone. The principal purpose of the conference was to bring together an international group of ocean scientists to discuss the roles of oceans in mitigating climate change and how the changing global ocean environment is, and will, impact all living organisms in the sea. A central and profoundly inhibiting fact underlying the discussions and planning that took place at the Conference was that the oceans remain largely unexplored.
The NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research (OER) was created in 2001 to lead an envisioned national and international effort to bring to light the ocean’s hidden mysteries; biological, physical, chemical, and even cultural. Some of the most biologically and geologically diverse regions in the world’s ocean are those encompassed by Indonesia’s seas. In 2009, Indonesia invited OER to jointly explore these seas and, at the World Ocean Conference, OER showcased new, exciting, and important discoveries that dramatically illustrated the value of ocean exploration.
Now, in 2010, with a collaboration firmly established between OER, the Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) and the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), we are poised to initiate a five-year series of expeditions which will employ the expertise of US and Indonesian scientists and the use of both nations’ state-of-the-art exploration technology assets. Cruises involving NOAA’s ship of exploration, the Okeanos Explorer (and other US research vessels) and the Indonesian research vessel, Baruna Jaya IV, will be collectively known as the Indonesian Exploration–Sangihe Talaud expeditions (INDEX-SATAL).
There been an incredible amount of work conducted to get us to where we are today. Now the excitement really begins!
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