Photo & Video Log

This page contains photos and videos regarding the Lophelia II 2010: Oil Seeps and Deep Reefs Exploration taking place this year from
October 14 – November 4, 2010. Click on any image to view a larger version and for additional information. If a movie camera icon camera icon is present, a video can be viewed by clicking on the image. Multiple video formats are available on the linked pages. If a Podcast icon Podcast Icon is present, a video or audio file is available for download or you can subscribe to the RSS Podcast Feed. NOAA Podcast RSS 2.0 Feed

If a slideshow icon slideshow icon is present, a visual log of exploration images can be viewed. You can scroll through them one by one, or select the play button for an automatic slideshow.

(HR) = "High Resolution" images available.

camera icon Video & Slideshows

This rock outcropping is covered with gorgonian and scleractinian corals, and home to a galatheid crab.

October 21 Log
camera icon This rock outcropping is covered with gorgonian and scleractinian corals, and home to a galatheid crab.

Collecting corals with the Jason manipulator arm.

October 21 Log
camera icon Collecting corals with the Jason manipulator arm.

A carbonate rock outcropping with various corals and sponges on it, surrounded by Hoplostethus fish and a conger eel.

October 20 Log
camera icon A carbonate rock outcropping with various corals and sponges on it.

Video footage of a sixgill shark, a species of deep water shark fairly common in the Gulf of Mexico.

October 20 Log
camera icon Video footage of a sixgill shark, a species of deep water shark fairly common in the Gulf of Mexico.

View a photo slideshow including imagery captured during the Lophelia II 2010 Exploration.

camera icon This rock outcropping is covered with gorgonian and scleractinian corals, and home to a galatheid crab.

Images

The gorgonian sea fan Callogorgia americana and symbiotic brittle stars from a site at approximately 350 meters depth in the Green Canyon area of the Gulf of Mexico. In the bottom left of the image are some small, brown anemones that have colonized a portion of the skeleton of the sea fan.

November 3 Log
The gorgonian sea fan Callogorgia americana and symbiotic brittle stars. (HR)

A single colony of coral with dying and dead sections (on left), apparently living tissue (top right) and bare skeleton with very sickly looking brittle star on the base.

November 3 Log
A single colony of coral with dying and dead sections, living tissue, and bare skeleton with very sickly looking brittle star.

 

 

Ensign Bryan Begun is the Safety Officer aboard the Ronald H. Brown. Friendly and personable, Bryan easily mingled with the science team.

November 2 Log
Ensign Bryan Begun is the Safety Officer aboard the Ronald H. Brown. Bryan easily mingled with the science team. (HR)

Bruce Cowden, the Ronald H Brown’s bosun, is also an artist.  Lead Scientist, Dr. Chuck Fisher, asked him to capture the expedition in a watercolor.

November 2 Log
Bruce Cowden, the Ronald H Brown’s bosun, is also an artist. Dr. Chuck Fisher asked him to capture the expedition in a watercolor. (HR)

 

 

Walter Cho examining a  brittlestar in the lab.

October 31 Log
Walter Cho examining a brittlestar in the lab. (HR)

Close up of brittlestar Asteroschema sp. on the coral Callogorgia on the seafloor.

October 31 Log
Close up of brittlestar Asteroschema sp. on the coral Callogorgia on the seafloor. (HR)

Brittlestar Asteroschema sp. on the coral Callogorgia on the seafloor.

October 31 Log
Brittlestar Asteroschema sp. on the coral Callogorgia on the seafloor. (HR)

A constellation of brittestars on the seafloor (538 meters).

October 31 Log
A “constellation“ of brittestars on the seafloor (538 meters). (HR)

Close up of Walter Cho examining a brittlestar in the lab.

October 31 Log
Close up of Walter Cho examining a brittlestar in the lab. (HR)

 

 

 

The graceful fantail of the ship is completely obscured by Lophelia communities.

October 30 Log
The graceful fantail of the ship is completely obscured by Lophelia communities. (HR)

Black-bellied rose fish find shelter within a mass of Lophelia.

October 30 Log
Black-bellied rose fish find shelter within a mass of Lophelia. (HR)

A section of hull covered in small clusters of Lophelia. The area is also inhabited by Venus flytrap anemones and Eumunida picta (a species of squat lobster).

October 30 Log
A section of hull covered in clusters of Lophelia and inhabited by Venus flytrap anemones and squat lobster. (HR)

The ventilator thrown from the ship in the sinking blast supplies Gooseneck barnacles with a surface to grow upon.

October 30 Log
The ventilator thrown from the ship in the sinking blast supplies Gooseneck barnacles with a surface to grow upon. (HR)

Rising over 10 meters off the seafloor, the bow and stowed anchors bear mute testimony to the 1942 catastrophe.

October 29 Log
Rising over 10 meters off the seafloor, the bow and stowed anchors bear mute testimony to the 1942 catastrophe. (HR)

 

Empty gun casings are scattered across the rear deck near the 4-inch gun mounted at the stern.

October 29 Log
Empty gun casings are scattered across the rear deck near the 4-inch gun mounted at the stern. (HR)

Although partially hidden by draping Lophelia, the letters G U L F O I are still visible across the transom.

October 29 Log
Although partially hidden by draping Lophelia, the letters G U L F O I are still visible across the transom. (HR)

Large rusticles drip from the scarred hull of the GulfOil where the torpedo ripped through.

October 29 Log
Large rusticles drip from the scarred hull of the GulfOil where the torpedo ripped through. (HR)

We discovered the stack intact resting beside the starboard hull. The aft side of the stack is facing up revealing the ladder and whistle.

October 29 Log
We discovered the stack intact resting beside the starboard hull. (HR)

 

 

 

Large scale photo mosaics help scientists relocate sites that have been previously studied.

October 27 Log
Large scale photo mosaics help scientists relocate sites that have been previously studied. (HR)

Bathymetric maps guide scientists as they explore the seafloor for coral and reef sites. Adding color to the maps provides visual cues. Later collection data and marker data can be added to the GIS information creating enriched visual information systems.

October 27 Log
Bathymetric maps guide scientists as they explore the seafloor for coral and reef sites. (HR)

Photo mosaics are created using a series of photographs that overlap along a straight transect. Several transects are then 'stitched' together to form the overall picture.

October 27 Log
Photo mosaics are created using a series of photographs that overlap along a straight transect. (HR)

 

 

The Jason ROV's robotic arm collects several stalks of black coral from the seafloor.

October 26 Log
The Jason ROV's robotic arm collects several stalks of black coral from the seafloor. (HR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hoisting sediment trap aboard after recovery.

October 25 Log
Hoisting sediment trap aboard after recovery. (HR)

 

Hoisting sediment trap aboard after recovery.

October 25 Log
Hoisting sediment trap aboard after recovery. (HR)

Monitoring ROV’s pan and tilt science camera feed from the main lab.

October 25 Log
Monitoring ROV’s pan and tilt science camera feed from the main lab. (HR)

Entering sample data in the main science lab.

October 25 Log
Entering sample data in the main science lab. (HR)

Throughout the day scientists and grad students ready the samples for transport back to the labs on land.

October 25 Log
Throughout the day scientists and grad students ready the samples for transport back to the labs on land. (HR)

 

 

 

Bringing the ROV set Medea and Jason home.

October 24 Log
Bringing the ROV set Medea and Jason home. (HR)

 Knowing where the science sampling occurred is critical to future analysis.  Lead Scientist, Erik Cordes, goes over each track plot meticulously insuring that the data collection is tied to real space and time.

October 24 Log
Knowing where the science sampling occurred is critical to future analysis. Lead Scientist, Erik Cordes, goes over each track plot. (HR)

The Jason, flight crew know exactly where the ROV is at all times and through a series of cameras mounted on the ROV can capture images and video of the scientific work.

October 24 Log
The Jason, flight crew know exactly where the ROV is at all times. (HR)

Once the samples are up the documentation and analysis begins.  Pen-Yuan Hsing is measuring mussels.

October 24 Log
Once the samples are up the documentation and analysis begins. Pen-Yuan Hsing is measuring mussels. (HR)

Samples for geology, genetics, and biology fill sample bags, bins and boxes.

October 24 Log
Samples for geology, genetics, and biology fill sample bags, bins and boxes. (HR)

The days are long and as the saying goes, the nights are longer. A common schedule is for the ROV to launch at 4pm and come up at 8am the next morning.  Documentation and specimen prep goes on during the day.  But even the most dedicated need some rest and relaxation.

October 24 Log
The days are long and as the saying goes, “the nights are longer.” (HR)

 

 

 

Morning recovery of the Jason ROV onto the Ron Brown.

October 23 Log
Morning recovery of the Jason ROV onto the Ron Brown. (HR)

Ian MacDonald in the lab aboard the Ron Brown.

October 23 Log
Ian MacDonald in the lab aboard the Ron Brown. (HR)

Live, bright white Lophelia coral is typically found amidst large amounts of dead coral.

October 23 Log
Live, bright white Lophelia coral is typically found amidst large amounts of dead coral. (HR)

The MacDonald group's camera deployed on a coral mound.

October 23 Log
The MacDonald group's camera deployed on a coral mound. (HR)

Microscopic view of the coral polyps of Paracalyptrophora sp. and Acanthogorgia sp. showing the differences in polyp morphology between species. Polyps of Paracalyptrophora are downward, and arranged in whorls whereas Acanthogorgia has non-contractile polyps projecting outward from the axis. Also, Paracalyptrophora has larger, flat sclerites whereas the sclerites of Acanthogorgia are thin, and spine-like.

October 21 Log
Microscopic view of the coral polyps of Paracalyptrophora sp. and Acanthogorgia sp.. (HR)

Microscopic view of the coral polyps of Paracalyptrophora sp. and Acanthogorgia sp. showing the differences in polyp morphology between species. Polyps of Paracalyptrophora are downward, and arranged in whorls whereas Acanthogorgia has non-contractile polyps projecting outward from the axis. Also, Paracalyptrophora has larger, flat sclerites whereas the sclerites of Acanthogorgia are thin, and spine-like.

October 21 Log
Coral polyps of Paracalyptrophora sp. and Acanthogorgia sp.: differences in polyp morphology between species. (HR)

Octocoral diversity.

October 21 Log
Octocoral diversity. (HR)

Collecting a small branch of a coral colony in the Jason manipulator arm.

October 21 Log
Collecting a small branch of a coral colony in the Jason manipulator arm. (HR)

A scenic rock outcrop covered in deepwater coral and occupied by a galatheid crab.

October 20 Log
A scenic rock outcrop covered in deepwater coral and occupied by a galatheid crab.

Lara Henry works with coral samples in one of the Ron Brown's cold rooms.

October 20 Log
Lara Henry works with coral samples in one of the Ron Brown's cold rooms.

Jason II prepares to collect samples from a rocky outcrop covered in Lophelia.

October 20 Log
Jason II prepares to collect samples from a rocky outcrop covered in Lophelia.

A diverse Lophelia coral community. This photo clearly shows how the living coral (white) builds upon the calcium carbonate skeletons (dark green) of previous generations.

October 20 Log
A diverse Lophelia coral community. This photo shows how living coral (white) builds upon the skeletons (dark green) of previous generations.

The Spanish Dancer is a type of sea cucumber (Benthodytes) that is mesmerizing when it swims.

October 19 Log
The Spanish Dancer is a type of sea cucumber (Benthodytes) that is mesmerizing when it swims.

A mussel bed at the edge of the brine pool.

October 19 Log
A mussel bed at the edge of the brine pool.

These craters mark the formation of brine pools, from which salt has seeped through the seafloor and encrusted the nearby substrate.

October 19 Log
These craters mark the formation of brine pools, from which salt has seeped through the seafloor.

Collection of the dead giant isopod (Bathynomus giganteous) found floating in the large brine pool, just visible in the background.

October 19 Log
Collection of the dead giant isopod (Bathynomus giganteous) found floating in the large brine pool, just visible in the background.

Close up image of a clump of mussels. Forming dense beds, deep-sea mussels are often early colonizers at cold seeps.

October 18 Log
Close up image of a clump of mussels. Forming dense beds, deep-sea mussels are often early colonizers at cold seeps. (HR)

Close up of a tubeworm bush, which mines for sulfide in the carbonate substrate with their roots.

October 18 Log
Close up of a tubeworm “bush”, which mines for sulfide in the carbonate substrate with their roots. (HR)

Seafloor photo mosaic, made up of more than a hundred images taken with the remote operated vehicle (ROV) Jason II. It shows the occurrence of the deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa.

October 18 Log
Seafloor photo mosaic, made up of more than a hundred images taken with the remote operated vehicle (ROV) Jason II. (HR)

 

The robotic arm of a remotely operated vehicle samples a clump of deepwater coral.

October 17 Log
The robotic arm of a remotely operated vehicle samples a clump of deepwater coral.

The sediment trap is hauled back to the surface after chronicling the flow of sediment and biological material for 10 months, 1,500 feet deep.

October 17 Log
The sediment trap is hauled back to the surface after chronicling the flow of sediment and biological material for 10 months, 1,500 feet deep.

Tim Shank handles one of the 21 'cups' deployed with a sediment trap to collect both organic and inorganic matter over two weeks.

October 17 Log
Tim Shank handles one of the 21 'cups' deployed with a sediment trap to collect both organic and inorganic matter.

The control room aboard the R/V Ron Brown lets researches get a close-up look at the position and status of deployed sediment traps.

October 17 Log
The control room aboard the R/V Ron Brown lets researches get a close-up look at the position and status of deployed sediment traps.

A colony of lophelia provides shelter for galatheid crabs and a firm foothold for anemones.

October 17 Log
A colony of lophelia provides shelter for galatheid crabs and a firm foothold for anemones.

 

 

 

 

 

 

A forward looking mosaic of the coral community at Marker F at 550 m depth, including colonies of the white scleractinian coral Lophelia pertusa, whip corals and abundant crinoids and squat lobsters.

Monitoring
A forward looking mosaic of the coral community at Marker F at 550 m depth, including colonies of Lophelia pertusa. (HR)

Although known as black corals because of the jewelry made from the black skeleton of the corals, in the Gulf of Mexico these Antipatharians in the genus Leiopathes come in colors ranging from white, through peach to orange and red.

Monitoring
These Antipatharians in the genus Leiopathes range in color from white, through peach to orange and red. (HR)

Photo taken on May 27 near the Deepwater Horizon spill convergence zone, showing dark brown and red emulsion oil. Good baseline data of natural ecosystems is crucial to assessing the impact and potential recovery of areas affected by the spill.

Monitoring
Photo taken on May 27 near the Deepwater Horizon spill convergence zone, showing dark brown and red emulsion oil. (HR)

 

 

The tanker Gulfoil, prior to being sunk by a German U-boat in the Gulf of Mexico in 1942.

Archaeology
The tanker Gulfoil, prior to being sunk by a German U-boat in the Gulf of Mexico in 1942.

Side scan sonar mosaic of the Gulfoil shipwreck site.

Archaeology
Side scan sonar mosaic of the Gulfoil shipwreck site.

 

 

 

 

Colony of Lophelia pertusa with polyps extended for feeding.

Biology
Colony of Lophelia pertusa with polyps extended for feeding. (HR)

A L. pertusa reef with a school of Beryx splendens.

Biology
A L. pertusa reef with a school of Beryx splendens. (HR)

Two invertebrates commonly found associated with L. pertusa: the squat lobster Euminida picta (left) and the sea urchin Echinus sp. (right).

Biology
Two invertebrates commonly found associated with L. pertusa: the squat lobster Euminida picta (left) and the sea urchin Echinus sp. (right). (HR)

 

A field of the soft coral Callogorgia sp. with its ophiuroid symbiont.

Mission Plan
A field of the soft coral Callogorgia sp. with its ophiuroid symbiont. (HR)

Lophelia pertusa, Leiopathes glabberima, and an assortment of anemones on Roberts Reef.

Mission Plan
Lophelia pertusa, Leiopathes glabberima, and an assortment of anemones on Roberts Reef. (HR)

Down-looking mosaic of Lophelia covering the bow of the sister ship to the Gulfoil, the Gulf Penn.

Mission Plan
Down-looking mosaic of Lophelia covering the bow of the sister ship to the Gulfoil, the Gulf Penn. (HR)

Mosaic of a large colony of Lophelia on the bow of the Gulf Penn. Some of the largest Lophelia reefs in the Gulf are situated on these man-made structures.

Mission Plan
Mosaic of a large colony of Lophelia on the bow of the Gulf Penn. (HR)

Ophiuroids on Lophelia pertusa, Callogorgia americana, and other gorgonians at Roberts Reef.

Mission Plan
Ophiuroids on Lophelia pertusa, Callogorgia americana, and other gorgonians at Roberts Reef. (HR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

A field of the soft coral Callogorgia sp. with its ophiuroid symbiont.

Introduction
An orange brisingid basket star on the large Lophelia pertusa reef at 450 m depth in Viosca Knoll 826. (HR)

A down-looking mosaic of a coral community at 1400m depth, including a variety of hard and soft corals.

Introduction
A down-looking mosaic of a coral community at 1400m depth, including a variety of hard and soft corals. (HR)

A down-looking mosaic of a coral community at 1400m depth, including a variety of hard and soft corals.

Introduction
Mosaic of a Callogorgia community. (HR)

 

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