Discover: Ocean Literacy Principle 2: The ocean and life in the ocean shape the features of the Earth.

The ocean is a powerful force on our planet, helping to shape the physical features of Earth. In this section, you can learn more about some of the ocean forces at work and how these forces are connected to the rock cycle, the shape of our coastline, and more.




These ocean facts are categorized according to the seven Ocean Literacy Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts exit icon (pdf) for grades K-12, which outline the knowledge required to be considered ocean literate in accordance with the National Science Education Standards.


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