2017 Laulima O Ka Moana






Background Essays

Mission Plan

Mission Plan

From July 7 to August 2, 2017, NOAA and partners will conduct an expedition on NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer to collect critical baseline information about unknown and poorly known deepwater areas near Johnston Atoll. Like previous expeditions, NOAA will work with the scientific and resource management communities to characterize these areas through telepresence-based exploration.

Biological Questions About the Johnston Atoll Monument Unit

The A Sampler of the Many Intriguing Biological Questions About the Johnston Atoll Monument Unit

This expedition to the Johnston Atoll Unit of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument will potentially provide information relevant to a number of interesting biological questions that are currently being asked by both shallow water and deepwater researchers working in this area of the Pacific.

Geology Primer

A Brief Primer on the Geology of Johnston Atoll

The central Pacific Ocean basin contains only a few islands, and they are spaced apart over large distances. These islands generally were built as volcanoes on the Pacific Ocean floor, growing from three miles deep to the ocean surface or further.

American Samoa Biogeography

The Intriguing Seamounts Around Johnston Atoll: Flat-topped Oases That Many Deep-sea Animals Call Home

Seamounts are volcanic constructs that protrude from the expansive and relatively monotonous abyssal seafloor. These oases in the deep can have a variety of shapes depending on what happened while they were forming, and this is particularly true of those found inside the Johnston Atoll Unit of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument.

Pacific Islands Marine National Monument Management: The History of Johnston Atoll

Pacific Islands Marine National Monument Management: The History of Johnston Atoll

NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer is returning to the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument to explore what lies in the deepwater ecosystems at Johnston Atoll. But what lies above the deep water? What is the history of Johnston Atoll and how did it get its name?

Deep-sea Mineral Deposits in the Hawaiian and Johnston Island Exclusive Economic Zone

Deep-sea Mineral Deposits in the Hawaiian and Johnston Island Exclusive Economic Zone

The Hawaiian and Johnston Island Exclusive Economic Zone seabed areas host significant deep-sea mineral deposits called ferromanganese crusts. These deposits are enriched in manganese, cobalt, and other metals of commercial interest, including rare earths.

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