Discovering the Deep: Exploring Remote Pacific MPAs






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Photo and Video Log

This page contains photos and videos associated with the Discovering the Deep: Exploring Remote Pacific MPAs. Click on any image to view a larger version and for additional information.

Unless otherwise noted, all images and videos are courtesy of the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Discovering the Deep: Exploring Remote Pacific MPAs.

(HR) = "High Resolution" images available.

Dive Highlight Videos | Images (Daily Updates) | Images (Mission Logs) | Images (Background Essays)

 


Highlight Videos

A Deeper Look

A Deeper Look
Amanda Demopoulos explains what makes the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument unique and why building a better understanding of its ecosystems is so important. (Video)

Predators of the Deep

Predators of the Deep
We know very little about the ecosystem dynamics of predation in the deep sea and how the food web actually fits together. (Video)

Fish of the Deep

Fish of the Deep
An overview of some of the fish seen on the 19 dives on this expedition, while exploring at depths ranging from 300 meters down to nearly 6,000 meters. (Video)

Deep-sea Battle: Featherweight Division

March 27
Scientists witnessed this fierce battle between a caridean shrimp and a type of midwater dragonfish. (Video)

Land of Giants

March 26
During the last dive within Phoenix Islands Protected Area, scientists encountered several large coral colonies, some of which were more than 1.5 meters across. (Video)

A Wall of Stars

March 25
This incredible "living wall" of crinoids, or feather stars, was observed on a steep slope along the western side of unnamed seamount. (Video)

Hadal Holothurians: The Sea Pig

March 24
Sea pigs are deep-sea holothurians belonging to the family Elpidiidae. This sea pig was seen during the deepest dive for the expedition. (Video)

Hadal Holothurians: The Wizard

March 24
This "monster" of a sea cucumber, or holothurian, was nearly 40 centimeters (15.75 inches) long! (Video)

Velvet Whalefish

March 23
This velvet whalefish was observed for the first time this expedition. It belongs to the species Barbourisia rufa, rufa for red. (Video)

Dumbo Octopus

March 22
This dumbo octopus was observed resting on the seafloor before it took off, gliding through the water as if flying, propelled by the fins behind its eyes. (Video)

Titov Seamount

March 21
Check out some of the very interesting undersea creatures observed during our second dive at Titov Seamount. (Video)

A Snack for a Sea Spider

March 20
On March 20, a sea spider was observed snacking on a cup coral along a steep slope on the southern ridge of Baker Island. (Video)

An Egg-cellent Find

March 19
This round purple object is an octopod egg. It was seen while exploring at a depth of ~2,215 meters near Howland Island. (Video)

The Bashful Octopus

March 18
The ROV encountered this octopus, who did his best to hide, first by burrowing into the sediment and then by changing color. (Video)

Bubblegum Coral and Brittle Star

March 17
Paragorgia are octocorals. Their common name, bubblegum coral, comes from their pink color and the appearance of their polyps, which resemble chewed pieces of bubblegum. (Video)

Pelagic Sea Cucumber

March 16
This beautiful pelagic sea cucumber was seen swimming above the seafloor during a dive near Howland Island. (Video)

A Fish Called Roughy

March 16
This fish is a roughy; it gets its named from the rough armor-like plates on its head. (Video)

Iridigorgia Corals

March 15
Iridigorgia are soft corals that grow upwards in a striking spiral pattern. (Video)

Deepwater Siphonophore

March 14
On March 14, during the sixth dive of the expedition, this intact deepwater siphonophore was observed. (Video)

A Peek at Polyps

March 13
This video offers a look at some of the colonial coral polyps seen while exploring Polo Seamount. (Video)

Goosefish

March 12
This angler fish was seen perched on a rock while we were exploring an unnamed seamount in the Tokelau Seamount Chain at a depth of ~1,200 meters. (Video)

Coral Hotspot

March 11
On March 11, scientists explored Carondelet Reef within the Phoenix Islands Protected Area, marking the first deep dive ever conducted in the area. (Video)

On March 10, 2017, the second dive of the expedition, two sixgill sharks are seen swimming together.

March 10
On March 10, 2017, the second dive of the expedition, two sixgill sharks are seen swimming together. (Video)

Long-armed Squid

March 8
During the first dive, we encountered this long-armed squid swimming in the water column. (Video)

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Images (Daily Updates)

The shipboard mission team poses on the bow of the <em>Okeanos Explorer</em> as the Discovering the Deep: Exploring Remote Pacific Marine Protected Areas expedition comes to an end.

March 29
The shipboard mission team poses on the bow of the Okeanos Explorer as the expedition comes to an end. (HR)

Sunset seen from the back deck of the Okeanos Explorer as the ship heads back to Apia, Samoa.

March 28
Sunset seen from the back deck of the Okeanos Explorer as the ship heads back to Apia, Samoa. (HR)

A caridean shrimp, Heterocarpus, was observed feeding on a type of mid-water dragonfish, possible a stareater, at around 998 meters.

March 27
A caridean shrimp was observed feeding on a type of mid-water dragonfish, possible a stareater, at around 998 meters. (HR)

Two homolid crabs were observed holding claws at around 757 meters depth. It was unclear whether this was potentially aggressive or pre-mating behavior.

March 27
Two homolid crabs were observed holding claws at around 757 meters depth. (HR)

Deep Discoverer collected a bubblegum coral with encrusting zoanthid.

March 26
Deep Discoverer collected a bubblegum coral with encrusting zoanthid. (HR)

For the first time this expedition, a chimaera, or ghost fish, was observed at around 1,850 meters depth. These fish are distant relatives of sharks and have skeletons made out of cartilage.

March 26
For the first time this expedition, a chimaera, or ghost fish, was observed at around 1,850 meters depth. (HR)

Several gold coral colonies were observed for the first time on this expedition on this dive within the Phoenix Islands Protected Area.

March 25
Several gold coral colonies were observed for the first time on this expedition on this dive within the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. (HR)

Known coral predators, several pencil urchins were seen clinging to corals, likely consuming soft tissue and leaving the bare coral skeleton visible on several branches.

March 25
Several pencil urchins were seen clinging to corals, likely consuming soft tissue and leaving the bare coral skeleton visible on several branches. (HR)

An unknown octopus with a small node on its head was observed crawling along the seafloor at around 475 meters depths.

March 25
An unknown octopus with a small node on its head was observed crawling along the seafloor at around 475 meters depths. (HR)

The purple holothurian, <em>Psychropotes</em> sp., feeds on organic sediment deposits on the rocky substrate. This species has a distinct sail over its posterior end. The function of the sail or what the animal uses it for isn't very clear.

March 24
The purple holothurian feeds on organic sediment deposits on the rocky substrate. (HR)

A rare mollusc, called a monoplacophoran, was observed at ~5,771 meters depth on the hard pavement of a sedimented plateau.

March 24
A rare mollusc, called a monoplacophoran, was observed at ~5,771 meters depth on the hard pavement of a sedimented plateau. (HR)

A velvet whalefish covered with gnathiid isopod parasites was observed for the first time this expedition at ~1,300 meters.

March 23
A velvet whalefish covered with gnathiid isopod parasites was observed for the first time this expedition at ~1,300 meters. (HR)

This <em>Gadomus</em> sp. is related to the rattails, characterized by long, thin projections on its fins.

March 23
This Gadomus sp. is related to the rattails, characterized by long, thin projections on its fins. (HR)

A rare deep-sea cirrate octopod (<em>Grimpoteuthis</em> sp.) uses its fins on either side of its head to gracefully propel itself through the water column around <em>Deep Discoverer</em>. The scientists observed some damage on the octopod's arm and fin.

March 22
A rare deep-sea cirrate octopod uses its fins on either side of its head to gracefully propel itself through the water column. (HR)

Another first for the expedition and a rare find, the whalefish, less than 10 centimeteres in length, appeared at a depth of ~1,310 meters.

March 22
Another first for the expedition and a rare find, the whalefish, less than 10 centimeteres in length. (HR)

An unknown sea cucumber was observed hanging out on the rock surface.

March 21
An unknown sea cucumber was observed hanging out on the rock surface. (HR)

An oreo fish with characteristic spines on the nose was observed at ~ 1,151 meters depth.

March 21
An oreo fish with characteristic spines on the nose was observed at ~ 1,151 meters depth. (HR)

Swimming sea cucumber lifts off from the sediment and takes a swim.

March 20
A sea cucumber lifts off from the sediment and takes a swim. (HR)

A carnivorous sea spider was observed feeding off of a cup coral.

March 20
A carnivorous sea spider was observed feeding off of a cup coral. (HR)

Close up of a cirrate octopod egg case (brown) and inner chorion (purple). The octopus embryo will develop within the chorion until it is ready to hatch.

March 19
Close up of a cirrate octopod egg case (brown) and inner chorion (purple). (HR)

A nematocarcinid shrimp uses stilt-like legs to walk along rocks and the sediment.

March 19
A nematocarcinid shrimp uses stilt-like legs to walk along rocks and the sediment. (HR)

This pearlfish represents a range extension for this newly described genus.

March 18
This pearlfish represents a range extension for this newly described genus. (HR)

A narcomedusa jelly was observed close to the seafloor, at ~ 560 meters depth.

March 18
A narcomedusa jelly was observed close to the seafloor, at ~ 560 meters depth. (HR)

A close-up of the icicle-like matrix of glass sponge spicules with a shrimp perched inside.

March 17
A close-up of the icicle-like matrix of glass sponge spicules with a shrimp perched inside. (HR)

This snailfish was observed on the dive at 2,360 meters detph; snailfish were previously unknown from the region.

March 17
This snailfish was observed on the dive at 2,360 meters depth; snailfish were previously unknown from the region. (HR)

Unlike the benthic sea cucumbers that are often seen on the seafloor, this pelagic holothurian lives its entire life in the water column, relying on suspended particles for its food.

March 16
This pelagic holothurian lives its entire life in the water column, relying on suspended particles for its food. (HR)

The armor-like appearance of the roughy is where it got its name.

March 16
The armor-like appearance of the roughy is where it got its name. (HR)

Suspension-feeding limid bivalves were found attached to the interior of eroded caves along steep slope.

March 16
Suspension-feeding limid bivalves were found attached to the interior of eroded caves along steep slope. (HR)

Bird's-eye view of Titov Seamount. Our dive was along the western ridge line, or tail of the seamount feature.

March 15
Bird's-eye view of Titov Seamount. Our dive was along the western ridge line, or tail of the seamount feature. (HR)

Close up of a chirostylid squat lobster perched on a black coral.

March 15
Close up of a chirostylid squat lobster perched on a black coral. (HR)

The curly-cue shape is a characteristic of this chrysogorgid octocoral, called Iridogorgia.

March 14
The curly-cue shape is a characteristic of this chrysogorgid octocoral, called Iridogorgia. (HR)

A new seastar for the expedition was spotted at the base of a large octocoral at the end of the dive.

March 14
A new seastar for the expedition was spotted at the base of a large octocoral at the end of the dive. (HR)

An unusual green-blue octocoral was spotted at the end of the dive, populated with crinoids and brittle stars.

March 14
An unusual green-blue octocoral was spotted at the end of the dive, populated with crinoids and brittle stars. (HR)

A large hake swims past a crinoid.

March 13
A large hake swims past a crinoid. (HR)

A glass sponge seen on Polo Seamount.

March 13
A glass sponge seen on Polo Seamount. (HR)

Squid (<em>Chiroteuthis</em> sp.) holding onto another squid; it remains unclear whether this is active predation or mating behavior.

March 12
Squid holding onto another squid; it remains unclear whether this is active predation or mating behavior. (HR)

D2 manipulator jaws are gently grasping the crown of a stalked crinoid (<em>Phrynocrinidae</em>) for a collection. This crinoid species had previously only been observed in the Celebes Sea, off Indonesia.

March 12
D2 gently grasps a stalked crinoid for a collection. This crinoid species had previously only been observed off Indonesia. (HR)

White precious coral (<em>Pleurocorallium</em> cf. <em>kishinouye</em>) and rock collected from the seafloor for coral identification and seamount age analysis.

March 12
White precious coral and rock collected from the seafloor for coral identification and seamount age analysis. (HR)

Precious corals, like this species of Hemicorallium, were common at depths explored on Carondelet Reef.

March 11
Precious corals, like this species of Hemicorallium, were common at depths explored on Carondelet Reef. (HR)

One bamboo coral observed at Carondelet Reef was truly a behemoth.

March 11
One bamboo coral observed at Carondelet Reef was truly a behemoth! (HR)

A male and female sixgill sharks swim together. The female shark was 13 - 15 feet in length.

March 10
A male and female sixgill sharks swim together. The female shark was 13 - 15 feet in length. (HR)

A barrel sponge that has fallen on the sediment.

March 10
A barrel sponge that has fallen on the sediment. (HR)

Multibeam bathymetry of Pao Pao Seamount (right) and an unnamed guyot (left) shows one example of nearby seamounts with very different geomorphology.

March 9
Multibeam bathymetry of Pao Pao Seamount and an unnamed guyot shows one example of nearby seamounts with different geomorphology. (HR)

This deep-sea coral garden at Swains Island hosts numerous species of corals and coral-relatives.

March 8
This deep-sea coral garden at Swains Island hosts numerous species of corals and coral-relatives. (HR)

A long-armed squid in the genus <em>Chiroteuthis</em> swims in front of <em>Deep Discoverer</em>.

March 8
A long-armed squid in the genus Chiroteuthis swims in front of Deep Discoverer. (HR)

NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer docked at the pier at the Port of Apia in Samoa.

March 7
NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer docked at the pier at the Port of Apia in Samoa. (HR)

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Images (Mission Logs)

Overview map showing seafloor bathymetry collected and ROV dives conducted during the Discovering the Deep: Exploring Remote Pacific MPAs expedition.

Summary
Overview map showing seafloor bathymetry collected and ROV dives conducted during the expedition. (HR)

The women behind the highlight reels, Caitlin Bailey, Annie White, and Emily Narrow, onboard NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer.

March 27
The women behind the highlight reels, Caitlin Bailey, Annie White, and Emily Narrow, onboard NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer. (HR)

 

 

Annie White is taking still photos of the crew and staff on the Okeanos Explorer while they go about their daily tasks.

March 27
Annie White is taking still photos of the crew and staff on the Okeanos Explorer while they go about their daily tasks. (HR)

Emily Narrow enjoying the sunset after finishing her highlight video for the day on board the Okeanos Explorer.

March 27
Emily Narrow enjoying the sunset after finishing her highlight video for the day on board the Okeanos Explorer. (HR)

Caitlin Bailey is working in the shading chair on the Okeanos Explorer. From this chair, she can control the zoom, focus, and exposure of the remotely operated vehicle cameras.

March 27
Caitlin Bailey is working in the shading chair on the Okeanos Explorer. From this chair, she can control the zoom, focus, and exposure of the remotely operated vehicle cameras. (HR)

This Zoroaster sea star was imaged during the second dive at Titov Seamount of this expedition.

March 24
This Zoroaster sea star was imaged during the second dive at Titov Seamount of this expedition. (HR)

This Cheiraster (Benthopectinidae) sea star was imaged on Dive 04 of the expedition at an unnamed seamount in the Tokelau Seamount Chain.

March 24
This Cheiraster (Benthopectinidae) sea star was imaged on an unnamed seamount in the Tokelau Seamount Chain. (HR)

This benthopectinid sea star was also imaged during Dive 04 of the expedition at an unnamed seamount in the Tokelau Seamount Chain.

March 24
This benthopectinid sea star was also imaged during Dive 04 of the expedition at an unnamed seamount in the Tokelau Seamount Chain. (HR)

This coral predator Calliaster in the family Goniasteridae was imaged predating on a bamboo coral at Titov Seamount during the seventh dive of this expedition.

March 24
This coral predator Calliaster in the family Goniasteridae was imaged predating on a bamboo coral at Titov Seamount. (HR)

This deep-sea slime star in the genus Hymenaster was imaged during Dive 07 at Titov Seamount.

March 24
This deep-sea slime star in the genus Hymenaster was imaged during Dive 07 at Titov Seamount. (HR)

This slime star was imaged during Dive 09 of this expedition.

March 24
This slime star was imaged during Dive 09 of this expedition. (HR)

This sea star burrowing itself in the sand was imaged during Dive 04 of the expedition at an unnamed seamount in the Tokelau Seamount Chain.

March 24
This sea star burrowing itself in the sand was imaged during Dive 04 of the expedition at an unnamed seamount in the Tokelau Seamount Chain. (HR)

This Ceramaster cookie star was imaged during Dive 03 of this expedition at Carondelet Reef.

March 24
This Ceramaster "cookie star" was imaged during Dive 03 of this expedition at Carondelet Reef. (HR)

This Plinthaster cookie sea star was imaged during Dive 10 of this expedition, at a shallow site within Howland Island.

March 24
This Plinthaster "cookie" sea star was imaged during Dive 10 of this expedition, at a shallow site within Howland Island. (HR)

The Ancient Order of the Purple Porpoise certificate that the Okeanos Explorer team received as they crossed the junction of the Equator and the International Date Line at the Sacred Hour of the Vernal Equinox.

March 20
The Ancient Order of the Purple Porpoise certificate received after crossing the junction of the Equator and the International Date Line at the Sacred Hour of the Vernal Equinox. (HR)

A bluntnose sixgill shark is tagged with an accelerometer/magnetometer camera logger by Dr. Carl Meyer and Dr. Itsumi Nakamura off Hawaii.

March 18
A bluntnose sixgill shark is tagged with an accelerometer/magnetometer camera logger by Dr. Carl Meyer and Dr. Itsumi Nakamura off Hawaii. (HR)

A bluntnose sixgill shark swims down after being tagged with a multi-instrument tag package by Danny Coffey and Mark Royer at the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology to study their movement and energetics relative to the oxygen and temperature of their environment.

March 18
A bluntnose sixgill shark swims down after being tagged with a multi-instrument tag package. (HR)

A sixgill shark is released after tagging in deep waters off Kaneohe, Hawaii.

March 18
A sixgill shark is released after tagging in deep waters off Kaneohe, Hawaii. (HR)

The VSAT (large dome; stands for “Very Small Aperture Terminal”) is the critical piece of infrastructure that makes telepresence possible.

March 16
The VSAT (large dome; stands for "Very Small Aperture Terminal") is the critical piece of infrastructure that makes telepresence possible. (HR)

This diagram illustrates the flow of information from the seafloor and ultimately to viewers around the world.

March 16
This diagram illustrates the flow of information from the seafloor and ultimately to viewers around the world. (HR)

This diagram illustrates the flow of information from the seafloor and ultimately to viewers around the world.

March 16
This diagram illustrates the flow of information from the seafloor and ultimately to viewers around the world. (HR)

Here you can see the deployment of the left robotic arm of ROV Deep Discoverer with the Color Chip Chart on its wrist.

March 14
Here you can see the deployment of the left robotic arm of ROV Deep Discoverer with the Color Chip Chart on its wrist. (HR)

Even after color calibration, we still require further color corrections when we edit, as seen in these before and after images.

March 14
Even after color calibration, we still require further color corrections when we edit, as seen in these before and after images. (HR)

This is a close up of the Deep Discoverer’s Custom Color Chip Chart.

March 14
This is a close up of the Deep Discoverer’s Custom Color Chip Chart. (HR)

This Quad-Split image shows multiple cameras and windows that we use during the daily camera color calibration procedure.

March 14
This Quad-Split image shows multiple cameras and windows that we use during the daily camera color calibration procedure. (HR)

This is a look at the Video Shading Station during the Camera Color Calibration Procedure.

March 14
This is a look at the Video Shading Station during the Camera Color Calibration Procedure. (HR)

Mapping personnel on the Discovering the Deep: Exploring Remote Pacific MPAs expedition: Mapping Lead Derek Sowers, Watch Lead Jason Meyer, and Survey Technician Charles Wilkins.

March 11
Mapping personnel on the expedition: Mapping Lead Derek Sowers, Watch Lead Jason Meyer, and Survey Technician Charles Wilkins.

Raw multibeam sonar data of an underwater mountain visualized in 3D computer software.

March 11
Raw multibeam sonar data of an underwater mountain visualized in 3D computer software.

Example highlighting the importance of ship-based ocean mapping work. The left image shows Pao Pao Seamount as resolved from satellite-derived bathymetry (barely discernible bump). The right image shows the same feature as mapped with the ship's multibeam sonar – providing a detailed map with 50-meter resolution.

March 11
Example highlighting the importance of ship-based ocean mapping work by comparing satellite-derived bathymetry with multibeam data. (HR)

Example image of echogram from EK60 fisheries sonar.

March 11
Example image of echogram from EK60 fisheries sonar.

Image of sub-bottom profiler echogram.

March 11
Image of sub-bottom profiler echogram.

Example of an ADCP vector plot.

March 11
Example of an ADCP vector plot.

The women on board the Okeanos Explorer during the Discovering the Deep: Exploring Remote Pacific Marine Protected Areas expedition.

March 8
The women on board the Okeanos Explorer during the expedition. (HR)

Co-host of “Deep-sea TV,” Dr. Amanda Demopoulos, holds a monocore, an instrument used to collect a discrete sample of the bottom sediments.

March 8
Co-host of “Deep-sea TV,” Dr. Amanda Demopoulos. (HR)

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Images (Background Essays)

Map showing the general expedition operating area.

Mission Plan
Map showing the general expedition operating area. (HR)

NOAA’s ROV Deep Discoverer (D2) will be used to acquire high-definition visual data.

Mission Plan
ROV Deep Discoverer (D2) will be used to acquire high-definition visual data. (HR)

NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer uses telepresence technology to transmit data in real-time.

Mission Plan
NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer uses telepresence technology to transmit data in real-time. (HR)

Overview of Marine National Monuments and operational areas for CAPSTONE.

Mission Plan
Overview of Marine National Monuments and operational areas for CAPSTONE.

PRIMNM provides broad scale protections to marine ecosystems within its boundaries.

PRIMNM
PRIMNM provides broad scale protections to marine ecosystems within its boundaries. (HR)

Manta ray at Baker Island.

PRIMNM
Manta ray at Baker Island. (HR)

Anemone and clown fish at Baker Island.

PRIMNM
Anemone and clown fish at Baker Island. (HR)

A sea toad, which is a fish that can walk, waits for its next meal to swim by.

PRIMNM
A sea toad, which is a fish that can "walk," waits for its next meal to swim by. (HR)

Healthy corals at Kingman Reef.

PRIMNM
Healthy corals at Kingman Reef. (HR)

Bathymetric map detailing the seamounts and submerged reefs.

PIPA
Bathymetric map detailing the seamounts and submerged reefs. (HR)

Carpets of shallow-water corals use photosynthetic energy to build reefs.

PIPA
Carpets of shallow-water corals use photosynthetic energy to build reefs. (HR)

Uninhabited and fully protected shores of Orona Atoll.

PIPA
Uninhabited and fully protected shores of Orona Atoll. (HR)

Thriving coral reefs are home to an intact food web.

Biogeography
Thriving coral reefs are home to an intact food web. (HR)

Shallow canyons, observed on SCUBA looking up at the surface waters of Enderbury Atoll.

Biogeography
Shallow canyons, observed on SCUBA looking up at the surface waters of Enderbury Atoll. (HR)

Giant clams symbiotically photosynthesize in a shallow, sun-drenched lagoon.

Biogeography
Giant clams symbiotically photosynthesize in a shallow, sun-drenched lagoon. (HR)

Multibeam bathymetry of Pao Pao Seamount.

Biogeography
Multibeam bathymetry of Pao Pao Seamount. (HR)

 

 

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