Exploration of the Gulf of Mexico 2014


Updates


Background Resources


Education Resources


Related Expeditions & Data


Photo and Video Log

This page contains photos and videos taken during the Gulf of Mexico 2014 exploration. Click on any image to view a larger version and for additional information. For video, multiple video formats are available on the linked pages.

All images and video courtesy of the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research.

(HR) = "High Resolution" images available.

Dive Highlight Videos | Video Clips | Highlight Images | Images (Daily Updates) | Images (Mission Logs)
Images (Background Essays)

 


Dive Highlight Videos

Highlights video from Dive 15

video April 28: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 15, Many Mound Shallow - South, West Florida Escarpment. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 14

video April 27: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 14, Many Mounds Deep, West Florida Escarpment. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 13

video April 26: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 13 in Large Mound Deep, West Florida Escarpment. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 09

video April 24: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 12, exploring the "tar lilies." (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 11

video April 23: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 11, Northwest Gulf Deep Near Border. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 09

video April 21: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 09 in Bryant Canyon Shallow. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 08

video April 20: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 08 on Keathley Canyon. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 05

video April 19: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 07 on Monterrey shipwreck site B. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 04

video April 18: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 06 in Keathley Canyon. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 05

video April 17: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 05 on Monterrey shipwreck sites A and C. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 04

video April 16: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 04 in Keathley Canyon. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 02 at Site GB907.

video April 14: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 03 in the Northwest Gulf of Mexico. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 02 at Site GB907.

video April 13: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 02 at Site GB907. (Video)

Highlights video from Dive 01 at Site GB648.

video April 12: Video Log
Highlights video from Dive 01 at Site GB648. (Video)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Video Clips

Dumbo Octopus Video

video April 29:
Chain dogfish shark seen during Dive 16 of the expedition in the "Many Mounds South" area. (Video)

Ctenophore Video

video April 28:
Ctenophore seen at a depth of 570 meters. (Video)

Dumbo Octopus Video

video April 28:
A rare instance of deep-sea predation captured on camera—a sea urchin munches on an octocoral. (Video)

Dumbo Octopus Video

video April 26: Dumbo Octopus
This dumbo octopus displayed a body posture never before observed. (Video)

A red squid passes quickly in front of the Deep Discoverer remotely operated vehicle at the end of Dive 11 exploring the Sigsbee Escarpment.

video April 23: Red Squid
A red squid passes quickly in front of the Deep Discoverer remotely operated vehicle at the end of Dive 11. (Video)

This large fish seemed as curious about the remotely operated vehicle as we were about meeting the fish! Seen while exploring Sigsbee Escarpment at a depth of ~2,800 meters.

video April 23: Fish Encounter
A large fish investigates the remotely operated vehicle. (Video)

A red jelly seen while conducting a midwater transect in the Gulf of Mexico.

video April 22: Red Jelly
A red jelly seen while conducting a midwater transect in the Gulf of Mexico. (Video)

An unidentified jellyfish (possibly Narcomedusae?) with bent tentacles was sighted at 1,200 meters depth during remotely operated vehicle surveys conducted in the water column at the beginning of the dive to explore the western wall of Bryant Canyon.

video April 22: Jelly
An unidentified jellyfish sighted at 1,200 meters. (Video)

A potential hydrate tube with both oil and gas bubble seepage.

video April 18: Sea Cucumber
Sea cucumber seen swimming while exploring Keathley Canyon. (Video)

A potential hydrate tube with both oil and gas bubble seepage.

video April 16: Snailfish
Snailfish encountered while exploring Keathley Canyon at a depth of ~ 2,000 meters. (Video)

A potential hydrate tube with both oil and gas bubble seepage.

video April 12: Oil and Gas Bubbles
A potential hydrate tube with both oil and gas bubble seepage. (Video)

 

 

 

 

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Highlight Images

During a dive on sonar anomalies suspected to be a shipwreck, ROV D2 instead discovered the remnants of asphalt volcanoes, or “tar lilies”.

During a dive on sonar anomalies suspected to be a shipwreck, ROV D2 instead discovered the remnants of asphalt volcanoes. (HR)

The remotely operated vehicle (ROV) team works on the vehicles following completion of a dive, and readies them for the next day.

The remotely operated vehicle team works on the vehicles following completion of a dive, and readies them for the next day. (HR)

A crinoid - potentially a new species in the Family Thalassometridae - clings to a black coral on the West Florida Escarpment.

A crinoid - potentially a new species in the Family Thalassometridae - clings to a black coral on the West Florida Escarpment. (HR)

A squat lobster, Gastroptychus cf. spinifer, resides on a black coral.

A squat lobster, Gastroptychus cf. spinifer, resides on a black coral. (HR)

ROV Deep Discoverer is recovered from a dive during the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition.

ROV Deep Discoverer is recovered from a dive during the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition. (HR)

Okeanos Explorer’s control room as seen during an ROV dive.

Okeanos Explorer’s control room as seen during an ROV dive. (HR)

This dumbo octopus displayed a body posture that has never before been observed in cirrate octopods.

This dumbo octopus displayed a body posture that has never before been observed in cirrate octopods. (HR)

Here, D2 investigates Monterrey Shipwreck C’s anchor and the associated fauna and artifacts in the area.

Here, D2 investigates Monterrey Shipwreck C’s anchor and the associated fauna and artifacts in the area. (HR)

This sea cucumber uses its specialized appendages to bring nutrient-filled sediment to its mouth.

This sea cucumber uses its specialized appendages to bring nutrient-filled sediment to its mouth. (HR)

NOAA’s Seirios camera platform images the ROV Deep Discoverer shining its lights on the stern section of Monterrey wreck site B.

NOAA’s Seirios camera platform images the ROV Deep Discoverer shining its lights on the Monterrey wreck site B. (HR)

Monterrey Wreck B is different than Monterrey Wrecks A and C.

Monterrey Wreck B is different than Monterrey Wrecks A and C. (HR)

An unidentified jellyfish (possibly Narcomedusae?) with bent tentacles was sighted during ROV surveys conducted in the water column during the cruise.

An unidentified jellyfish with bent tentacles was sighted during ROV surveys conducted in the water column during the cruise. (HR)

A squat lobster resides on an octorcoral. In the background you can see a colony of Lophelia, the predominant coral in this area of the West Florida Escarpment.

A squat lobster resides on an octorcoral. In the background you can see a colony of Lophelia. (HR)

One of the highlights of our dives in the Northwest Gulf was ROV Deep Discover finding a set of Paleodictyon holes.

One of the highlights of our dives in the Northwest Gulf was ROV Deep Discover finding a set of Paleodictyon holes. (HR)

The first dive of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition had a fantastic amphitheater of chemosynthetic life.

The first dive of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition had a fantastic “amphitheater of chemosynthetic life.” (HR)

A rare instance of deep-sea predation captured on camera, a sea urchin munches on a Plumarella octocoral.

A rare instance of deep-sea predation captured on camera, a sea urchin munches on a Plumarella octocoral. (HR)

The deepwater environment of the Florida Escarpment proved good habitat for diverse deepwater coral communities.

The deepwater environment of the Florida Escarpment proved good habitat for diverse deepwater coral communities. (HR)

On Dive 02 of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition, ROV Deep Discoverer found an interesting brine pool.

On Dive 02 of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition, ROV Deep Discoverer found an interesting brine pool. (HR)

On a shipwreck, even the smallest detail helps archaeologists assemble the story of a ship’s history.

On a shipwreck, even the smallest detail helps archaeologists assemble the story of a ship’s history. (HR)

Archaeologists from the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management and University of West Florida participate from the Exploration Command Center at Stennis Space Center.

Archaeologists participate from the Exploration Command Center at Stennis Space Center. (HR)

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Images (Daily Updates)

A dandelion, or rare benthic siphonophore, resides under a ledge along the West Florida Escarpment.

April 29
Diversity in the deep sea can be amazing. (HR)

Soft coral in a new, recently described Family called Aquaumbridae. The white spots at the base of the poyps are actually coral eggs!

April 28
Soft coral in a new, recently described Family called Aquaumbridae.

A dandelion, or rare benthic siphonophore, resides under a ledge along the West Florida Escarpment.

April 27
A dandelion, or rare benthic siphonophore, resides under a ledge along the West Florida Escarpment. (HR)

A dumbo octopus uses its ear-like fins to propel itself off of the seafloor.

April 26
A dumbo octopus uses its ear-like fins to propel itself off of the seafloor.

the multibeam bathymetry data that has been collected so far during the third leg of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition.

April 25
Multibeam bathymetry data collected so far during the third leg of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition. (HR)

Here you can see a close up view of one of the “tar lily” “pedals.”

April 24
Here you can see a close up view of one of the “tar lily” “pedals.” (HR)

The documentation of this colony of bamboo coral at a depth of 2,834 meters possibly extended the depth range of these types corals in the Gulf of Mexico by several hundred meters.

April 23
Colony of bamboo coral at a depth of 2,834 meters. (HR)

An unidentified jellyfish (possibly Narcomedusae?) with bent tentacles was sighted during the pelagic transects.

April 22
An unidentified jellyfish with bent tentacles was sighted during the pelagic transects. (HR)

ROV Deep Discoverer explores the interesting geomorphology of Bryant Canyon.

April 21
ROV Deep Discoverer explores the interesting geomorphology of Bryant Canyon. (HR)

Over the last few dives, sea cucumbers have been one of the most abundant species we have seen.

April 20
Over the last few dives, sea cucumbers have been one of the most abundant species we have seen. (HR)

Monterrey Shipwreck B is different than Monterrey A and C.

April 19
Monterrey Shipwreck B is different than Monterrey A and C.

Dipping layered consolidated sedimentary block partially buried in soft sediment on the upper slope surveyed during this dive.

April 18
Dipping layered consolidated sedimentary block partially buried in soft sediment. (HR)

D2 investigates Monterrey Shipwreck C’s anchor and the associated fauna and artifacts in the area.

April 17
D2 investigates Monterrey Shipwreck C’s anchor and the associated fauna and artifacts in the area.

A rare, unidentified yellow ctenophore caused quite a stir amongst our science team as it drifted into remotely operated vehicle Deep Discoverer’s field of view.

April 16
A rare, unidentified yellow ctenophore drifted into remotely operated vehicle Deep Discoverer’s field of view. (HR)

Mapping operations were conducted today following cancellation of the remotely operated vehicle dive due to heavy seas.

April 15
Mapping operations were conducted following cancellation of the ROV dive due to heavy seas. (HR)

A squat lobster resides on a deep-sea octocoral.

April 14
A squat lobster resides on a deep-sea octocoral. (HR)

ROV Deep Discoverer imaged a group of chemosynthetic mussels and a few sea urchins residing next to a natural oil seep.

April 13
ROV Deep Discoverer imaged a group of chemosynthetic mussels and a few sea urchins next to an oil seep. (HR)

The 59-day Gulf of Mexico 2014 Expedition is composed of three ‘legs’ focused on acquiring data on priority exploration areas identified by NOAA and the management community.

April 12
Towards the end of the first dive, we found a carbonate outcrop with chemosynthtic mussels. (HR)

During remotely operated vehicle expeditions, the science team uses Fledermous to view sonar data to help plan the upcoming dives. Our onboard science teams uses the latest data collected by the ship and streams it to shore over the live video feeds so the entire team can engage in dive planning.

April 11
During remotely operated vehicle expeditions, the science team uses Fledermous to view sonar data. (HR)

The 59-day Gulf of Mexico 2014 Expedition is composed of three ‘legs’ focused on acquiring data on priority exploration areas identified by NOAA and the management community.

April 10
The sun is seen setting off the starboard aft of NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer. (HR)

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Images (Mission Logs)

Summary map showing the approximate location of the 16 ROV dives conducted during the cruise, the 17,600 square kilometers of multibeam seafloor bathymetry data, and the location of all XBT deployments

Leg 3 Summary
Summary map showing the approximate location of Leg 3 activities. (HR)

During the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition, only two scientists participated in the cruise onboard NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer. Via telepresense, the majority of the science team participated from shore

Leg 3 Summary
Via telepresense, the majority of the science team participated in the expedition from shore. (HR)

More than 70 scientists and students from 14 states participated in the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition ROV dives from shore.

Leg 3 Summary
More than 70 scientists and students from 14 states participated in expedition ROV dives from shore. (HR)

The crew that was on board NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer during the third leg of the Gulf of Mexico 2014 expedition.

Leg 3 Summary
Crew that was on board NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer during the third leg of the Gulf of Mexico 2014 expedition. (HR)

A spectacular find during dive 5, this deep-sea squid of the family Cranchiidae has a large chamber in its body filled with ammonia that it uses to help with buoyancy.

April 30 Log
Deep-sea squid of the family Cranchiidae has a chamber in its body filled with ammonia to help with buoyancy. (HR)

How good are your eyes—can you see tiny bobtail squid eyes inside these eggs?

April 30 Log
How good are your eyes—can you see tiny bobtail squid eyes inside these eggs? (HR)

Identified as the highlight of the cruise by many of our scientists and viewers alike, this dumbo octopus displayed a body posture that has never before been observed in cirrate octopods.

April 30 Log
This dumbo octopus displayed a body posture that has never before been observed in cirrate octopods. (HR)

Live Lophelia pertusa colony.

April 29 Log
Live Lophelia pertusa colony. (HR)

Deep Discoverer passing over a rock outcropping and recently fractured carbonate ledge with corals living on the margin.

April 29 Log
Deep Discoverer passing over a rock outcropping and recently fractured carbonate ledge with corals living. (HR)

Deep Discoverer passing over a rock outcropping and recently fractured carbonate ledge with corals living on the margin.

April 29 Log
Recently fractured carbonate ledge with corals living. (HR)

Lophelia reef on a rock outcropping (bioherm).

April 29 Log
Lophelia reef on a rock outcropping (bioherm). (HR)

Pancake urchin eating a small octocoral colony.

April 29 Log
Pancake urchin eating a small octocoral colony. (HR)

One of the highlights of the dive, a dumbo octopus uses his ear-like fins to slowly swim away.

April 28 Log
One of the highlights of the dive, a dumbo octopus uses his ear-like fins to slowly swim away. (HR)

Corals, sponges, and crinoids – oh my! The yellow crinoid in the middle is likely a juvenile Monachocrinus caribbeus.

April 28 Log
Corals, sponges, and crinoids – oh my! (HR)

A crinoid - potentially a new species in the Family Thalassometridae - clings to a black coral.

April 28 Log
A crinoid - potentially a new species in the Family Thalassometridae - clings to a black coral. (HR)

An exciting part of this dive for our coral fans was the amount of coral recruits.

April 28 Log
An exciting part of this dive for our coral fans was the amount of coral recruits. (HR)

Dennis Hanisak runs through what operations will be like in the Harbor Branch ECC.

April 26 Log
Dennis Hanisak runs through what operations will be like in the Harbor Branch ECC. (HR)

Onboard science team co-lead for Leg 3 of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition, Stephanie Farrington.

April 26 Log
Onboard science team co-lead for Leg 3 of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition, Stephanie Farrington. (HR)

John Reed leads a group of students through a pre-dive briefing.

April 26 Log
John Reed leads a group of students through a pre-dive briefing. (HR)

Okeanos Explorer crew members prepare to deploy the Argo float in the Gulf of Mexico.

April 25 Log
Okeanos Explorer crew members prepare to deploy the Argo float in the Gulf of Mexico. (HR)

The sophisticated Argo float will collect data in the Gulf for years to come.

April 25 Log
The sophisticated Argo float will collect data in the Gulf for years to come.

This is a schematic figure of what the float actually does after it is deployed.

April 25 Log
This is a schematic figure of what the float actually does after it is deployed.

NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer crew members watch as the Argo float drifts off into the Gulf of Mexico.

April 25 Log
NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer crew members watch as the Argo float drifts off into the Gulf of Mexico. (HR)

ROV Deep Discoverer approaches the first tar lily

April 24 Log
ROV Deep Discoverer approaches the first "tar lily." (HR)

The presence of chemosynthetic tube worms at the site led scientists to believe that there was more to this site than what we could see.

April 24 Log
Chemosynthetic tube worms led scientists to believe that there was more to this site than what we could see. (HR)

This is a schematic figure of what the float actually does after it is deployed.

April 24 Log
D2 investigated a second sonar anomaly which turned out to be another "tar lily." (HR)

can you spot the shrimp hiding in this octocoral that was growing on the tar lily?

April 24 Log
Can you spot the shrimp hiding in this octocoral that was growing on the "tar lily"? (HR)

Two depth sounding leads used to measure the depth of water under the vessel and to characterize the local seafloor and a brass frame and gimbal band, likely for a compass, all nestled among glass and ceramic bottles and jugs.

April 20 Log
Two depth sounding leads, a brass frame and gimbal band, and glass and ceramic bottles and jugs. (HR)

The bow section of Monterrey B.

April 20 Log
The bow section of Monterrey B. (HR)

Archaeologists from the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management and University of West Florida participate from the Exploration Command Center at Stennis Space Center.

April 20 Log
Archaeologists participate from the Exploration Command Center at Stennis Space Center. (HR)

The stern section of Monterrey B.

April 20 Log
The stern section of Monterrey B. (HR)

Octant and chronometer side by side on the seafloor.

April 19 Log
Octant and chronometer side by side on the seafloor. (HR)

Octant shading glass protruding from seafloor.

April 19 Log
Octant shading glass protruding from seafloor. (HR)

Face of the chronometer.

April 19 Log
Face of the chronometer. (HR)

A king crab, a white anemone, and stoloniferous corals perch on ship hardware above the surrounding mud.

April 18 Log
A king crab, a white anemone, and stoloniferous corals perch on ship hardware. (HR)

Thanks to telepresence technology, anyone with Internet could follow the exploration.

April 18 Log
Thanks to telepresence technology, anyone with Internet could follow the exploration. (HR)

Copper and brass has stayed free of marine growth for nearly 200 years!

April 18 Log
Copper and brass has stayed free of marine growth for nearly 200 years! (HR)

The tubes of shipworms litter areas once covered with wood.

April 18 Log
Copper and brass has stayed free of marine growth for nearly 200 years! (HR)

Art Howard

April 18 Log
Art Howard, Photographer and Producer

Bobby Mohr

April 18 Log
Bobby Mohr, Systems/Robotics Engineer, Autonomous and Remotely Operated Underwater Vehicles

Brendan Reser

April 18 Log
Brendan Reser, Oceanographer/Data Manager, NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research

Brian Bingham

April 18 Log
Brian Bingham, Faculty, University of Hawaii, College of Engineering

Chris Ritter

April 18 Log
Chris Ritter, Ocean Engineer

Dan Rogers

April 18 Log
Dan Rogers, ROV Engineer and Telepresence Team Member

Dave Wright

April 18 Log
Dave Wright, Electrical Engineer

Ed McNicol

April 18 Log
Ed McNicol, Video Producer, Editor, Post-Production Supervisor

James A. Austin

April 18 Log
James A. Austin, Jr., Expedition Science Team Co-lead, University of Texas/Austin

Jared Drewniak

April 18 Log
Jared Drewniak, Telepresence Engineer, NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research

Jeff Laning

April 18 Log
Jeff Laning, Electrical Engineer

Jeff Williams

April 18 Log
Jeff Williams, Electrical Engineer

Jeffery Marshall

April 18 Log
Jeffery Marshall, Physical Scientist, NOAA Office of Coast Survey

Joshua Carlson

April 18 Log
Joshua Carlson, Mechanical Engineer

Karl McLetchie

April 18 Log
Karl McLetchie, Mechanical/Ocean Engineer

Kelley Elliott

April 18 Log
Kelley Elliott, Expedition Manager, NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research

Meme Lobecker

April 18 Log
Elizabeth “Meme” Lobecker, Physical Scientist/Hydrographer, NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research

Roland Brian

April 18 Log
Roland Brian, Electronic Systems Engineer

Stephanie Farrington

April 18 Log
Stephanie Farrington, Expedition Science Team Co-lead, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute at FAU

Todd Gregory

April 18 Log
Todd Gregory, P.E., Mechanical Engineer

A coral squat lobster (probably Gastroptychus spinifer) shares its home in a black coral with the fat-claw shrimp.

April 17 Log
A coral squat lobster shares its home in a black coral with the fat-claw shrimp. (HR)

The flat-claw coral squat lobster (Uropthychus 
nitidus) always is found among the golden sea fan

April 17 Log
The flat-claw coral squat lobster always is found among the golden sea fan. (HR)

In a sea fan colony, a coral squat lobster shares its home with brittle stars.

April 17 Log
In a sea fan colony, a coral squat lobster shares its home with brittle stars. (HR)

A golden crab, Chaceon fenneri, dares the ROV to come any closer.

April 17 Log
A golden crab, Chaceon fenneri, dares the ROV to come any closer. (HR)

Todd Gregory works to fine tune the HD camera system at sunset onboard NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer.

April 15 Log
Todd Gregory works to fine tune the HD camera system at sunset onboard NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer. (HR)

D2 has eight cameras and two manipulator arms, one of which is home to a brand new temperature probe.

April 15 Log
D2 has eight cameras and two manipulator arms, one of which is home to a brand new temperature probe. (HR)

D2 is an elegant and powerful 9,000 pounds, designed to bring optimal imagery topside, where it is then shipped to shore in real time.

April 15 Log
D2 is an elegant and powerful 9,000 pounds, designed to bring optimal imagery topside. (HR)

Aesthetically pleasing - D2's yellow tether that powers, controls, and links the ROV to Seirios, is daisy chained to the high tensile strength line that is used to lift and recover D2. The daisy chain releases like a zipper to aid the deck crew in a swift and safe recovery.

April 15 Log
D2's yellow tether that powers, controls, and links the ROV to Seirios. (HR)

Gratuitous? I think not - the newly designed custom logo compliments the aesthetics of the ROV.

April 15 Log
The newly designed custom logo compliments the aesthetics of the ROV. (HR)

Quite literally miles of wire run through D2’s oil-encased “veins.” Here, Josh Carlson preps D2 for the next day’s dive.

April 15 Log
Quite literally miles of wire run through D2’s oil-encased “veins.” Here, Josh Carlson preps D2. (HR)

ROV Deep Discoverer as seen from the second part of the two-bodied system, camera sled Seirios, a mile beneath the ocean's surface.

April 15 Log
ROV Deep Discoverer as seen from the second part of the two-bodied system, camera sled Seirios. (HR)

ROV Deep Discoverer uses its new temperature probe to learn more about the deep-sea environment around this brine pool discovered on Dive 2.

April 15 Log
ROV Deep Discoverer uses its new temperature probe to learn about the deep-sea environment. (HR)

This site had a fantastic “amphitheater of chemosynthetic life.”

April 12 Log
This site had a fantastic “amphitheater of chemosynthetic life.” (HR)

One of the best parts of the dive was when we saw a number of methane bubbles rise slowly enough from the sea floor that they developed a “crust” of hydrates.

April 12 Log
Methane bubbles rise slowly enough from the sea floor that they developed a “crust” of hydrates. (HR)

D2 imaged something truly exciting—a potential hydrate tube with both oil and gas bubble seepage.

April 12 Log
Something truly exciting—a potential hydrate tube with both oil and gas bubble seepage. (HR)

On Dive 02 of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition, ROV Deep Discoverer found an interesting brine pool.

April 12 Log
On Dive 02 of the expedition, ROV Deep Discoverer found an interesting brine pool. (HR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Images (Background Essays)

The 59-day Gulf of Mexico 2014 Expedition is composed of three ‘legs’ focused on acquiring data on priority exploration areas identified by NOAA and the management community.

Mission Introduction
The Gulf of Mexico Expedition is composed of three ‘legs’ focused on acquiring data in priority areas. (HR)

The expedition marks the second field season using NOAA’s 6,000-meter remotely operated vehicle Deep Discoverer and the Seirios camera sled and lighting platform on NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer.

Mission Plan
The expedition marks the second season using NOAA’s ROV and camera sled on NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer. (HR)

Before (top) and after (bottom) map showing the focused operating area for Leg 1 mapping operations on the southwestern part of the West Florida Escarpment.

Mission Plan
Before and after map showing operating area for Leg 1 mapping operations. (HR)

Map showing the area of the Northwest Gulf of Mexico for Leg 3 ROV operations.

Mission Plan
Map showing the area of the Northwest Gulf of Mexico for Leg 3 ROV operations. (HR)

Map showing the area of the Central West Florida Escarpment where ROV operations will be conducted during Leg 3.

Mission Plan
Map showing the Central West Florida Escarpment where ROV operations will be conducted during Leg 3. (HR)

The large cannon on the Monterrey A Shipwreck appears to have been mounted on a pivot carriage which has led archaeologists to believe the site may be the remains of a privateer.

Mission Plan
Via telepresence, live seafloor images and science data will flow over satellite and high-speed Internet. (HR)

A variety of seafloor habitats will be explored  during the expedition including submarine canyons, salt domes, gas seeps,  shipwrecks and deep sea coral habitats. These brittle stars living on  paramuricid corals were seen during the 2012 Gulf of Mexico expedition.

Mission Plan
A variety of seafloor habitats will be explored during the expedition. (HR)

Expedition overview map showing bathymetry data

Management Needs
Expedition overview map showing bathymetry data. (HR)

In 2010, cameras on the Jason ROV captured images of a seafloor site about seven miles downstream from a plume of hydrocarbons flowing from the Deepwater Horizon/Macondo well.

Management Needs
In 2010, cameras captured images of a site downstream from the Deepwater Horizon/Macondo well.

Interest in deepwater areas in the Northwest Gulf of Mexico was expressed by a range of organizations.

Management Needs
Interest in deepwater areas in the Northwest Gulf of Mexico was expressed by a range of organizations. (HR)

Interest in the West Florida Escarpment was expressed by a range of organizations.

Management Needs
Interest in the West Florida Escarpment was expressed by a range of organizations. (HR)

The large cannon on the Monterrey A Shipwreck appears to have been mounted on a pivot carriage which has led archaeologists to believe the site may be the remains of a privateer.

Cultural Mysteries
The large cannon on the Monterrey A Shipwreck appears to have been mounted on a pivot carriage. (HR)

The ROV Hercules gently recovers a medicine bottle filled with ginger, a seasickness remedy, from an early 19th century shipwreck

Cultural Mysteries
The ROV Hercules gently recovers a medicine bottle filled with ginger from an early 19th century shipwreck. (HR)

During the 2012 Northern Gulf of Mexico Expedition, NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer found tube worms at one of the Monterrey Shipwrecks.

Connectivity
In 2012, NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer found tube worms at one of the Monterrey Shipwrecks. (HR)

Corals and anemones colonize a rocky outcrop in the deep Gulf of Mexico.

Connectivity
Corals and anemones colonize a rocky outcrop in the deep Gulf of Mexico.

This is an animation of the real-time currents in the Gulf of Mexico.

Connectivity
Watch an animation of the real-time currents in the Gulf of Mexico.

During the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Expedition, NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer will explore an area adjacent to the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary.

Connectivity
Okeanos Explorer will explore an area adjacent to the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary. (HR)

The two operating areas for Okeanos Explorer in April 2014.

Geology
The two operating areas for Okeanos Explorer in April 2014. (HR)

An idealized north to south cross section of the Gulf of Mexico.

Geology
An idealized north to south cross section of the Gulf of Mexico. (HR)

Generalized west-to-east cross-section extending across the Florida and Bahamas platforms.

Geology
Generalized west-to-east cross-section extending across the Florida and Bahamas platforms. (HR)

A schematic cross section of interpreted rift-related features forming the crustal foundation of western Florida’s southern province, a so-called non-volcanic margin.

Geology
Schematic cross section of rift-related features forming foundation of western Florida’s southern province.

Map showing the area where the Okeanos Explorer plans to conduct operations during the second leg of the Gulf of Mexico exploration expedition.

Leg 2 (Mapping)
Map showing area where the Okeanos will conduct mapping operations during the Gulf of Mexico Leg 2 Expedition. (HR)

Marah Dahn gets hands-on seafloor mapping experience in the control room of NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer.

Leg 2: Explorer in Training
Marah Dahn gets hands-on seafloor mapping experience in the control room.

Gas seeps seen on the single-beam profile.

Leg 2: Explorer in Training
Gas seeps seen on the single-beam profile. (HR)

Marah launches the XBT cast from the deck of the Okeanos Explorer.

Leg 2: Explorer in Training
Marah launches the XBT cast from the deck of the Okeanos Explorer.

Map showing the area where the Okeanos Explorer plans to conduct operations during the first leg of the Gulf of Mexico exploration expedition.

Leg 1 (Mapping)
Map showing operations area during the first leg of the Gulf of Mexico exploration expedition. (HR)

Perspective image of gaseous seeps seen during the 2012 Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Canyons Expedition, derived from water column acoustic reflectivity observations.

Leg 1 (Mapping)
Image of gaseous seeps seen during the 2012 Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Canyons Expedition. (HR)

Maps showing Mapping Priority Area 1 (top) and Mapping Priority Area 2 (bottom) for Leg 1 of the expedition.

Leg 1 (Mapping)
Maps showing Mapping Priority Area 1 (top) and Mapping Priority Area 2 (bottom) for Leg 1 of the expedition. (HR)

 

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