Bioluminescence and Vision on the Deep Seafloor 2015: Background Information

Mission Plan

Mission Plan

Scientists will use their combined expertise in bioluminescence, taxonomy, visual ecology, imaging and molecular biology, together with the remotely operated vehicle, the Global Explorer, to continue studies of the deep-sea benthic environment in the Gulf of Mexico.

Bioluminescence

Bioluminescence

In addition to being beautiful, bioluminescence is common and almost certainly important in the open ocean.

Macrobiology

Vision in the Deep

Most deep-sea animals do not have color vision. They have a single, blue-sensitive, visual pigment because 1) as you go deeper through water in the ocean, all the colors disappear except for blue and 2) most bioluminescence is blue. 

Microbiology

ROV Global Explorer

It’s critically important for the research on this expedition that we collect live animals in excellent condition, and Deep Sea Systems Global Explorer remotely operated vehicle will allow us to do so.  

Medusa Lander

Medusa Lander

The Medusa lander is an upgrade of the Eye-in-the-Sea system that gave us phenomenal footage of deep-sea animals in their natural environments on previous expeditions.

Medusa Lander

Deep-sea Gulf of Mexico Habitats

The Gulf of Mexico supports an extraordinary range of deep-sea habitats associated with a similarly broad diversity of seafloor features.

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