This picture illustrates four common types of hard substrate at seeps: clams (white and black shells; Solemyidae: Acharax sp.), mussels (brown shells; Mytilidae: Bathymodiolus sp.); vestimentiferan tube worms (Lamellibrachia sp.); and carbonate rocks, precipitated by methanotrophic archaea.

This picture illustrates four common types of hard substrate at seeps: clams (white and black shells; family Solemyidae: Acharax sp.), mussels (brown shells; family Mytilidae: Bathymodiolus sp.); vestimentiferan tube worms (Lamellibrachia sp.); and carbonate rocks, precipitated by methanotrophic archaea. Photo courtesy of CRROCKS/NSF.

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