Explorers on Monitor Expedition
Phoenix International, Inc.
Eric B. Emery
NOAA National Marine Sanctuary Program
John D. Broadwater, PhD
NOAA, Monitor National Marine Sanctuary
Chief Scientist, Monitor Expedition 2002
Manager, Monitor National Marine Sanctuary
John Broadwater is the Chief Scientist of Monitor Expedition 2002. He has been the Manager of the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary since 1992. A diver since 1969, Dr. Broadwater has participated in shipwreck dives and investigations throughout the United States and in more than a dozen foreign countries. He also volunteered his services as an archaeologist for expeditions to the Monitor in 1974, 1979 and 1983. Between 1978 and 1989, as Senior Underwater Archaeologist of the Virginia Department of Historic Resources, he directed the Yorktown Shipwreck Archaeological Project, which culminated with the complete excavation of a British ship sunk during the last major battle of the American Revolution. A well-known author and lecturer, Dr. Broadwater wrote "Secrets of a Yorktown Shipwreck for the June 1988 National Geographic Magazine, and the book Kwajalein, Lagoon of Found Ships, which chronicles shipwreck investigations in the Marshall Islands.
NOAA, Monitor National Marine Sanctuary
Archaeologist, Monitor Expedition 2002
Tane Casserley is an archaeologist for the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary. He specializes in 19th-century warships and deep-water archaeology. Mr. Casserley has surveyed more than 20 submerged cultural resource sites, from Midway Atoll to Maine, and has worked on several projects sponsored by NOAA and the National Undersea Research Center at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. In 1998, he received a graduate certificate in maritime archaeology and history from the Marine Option Program at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. He is now pursuing an MA thesis from the Program in Maritime Studies at East Carolina University. Mr. Casserley is a dive instructor with the National Association of Underwater Instructors as well as a certified CPR/First Aid instructor with the American Safety and Health Institute. In 1998, he was certified as a Technical Trimix Diver by the International Association of Nitrox and Technical Divers, and the National Association of Underwater Instructors.
NOAA, Monitor National Marine Sanctuary
On-Shore Coordinator, Monitor Expedition 2002
Education and Outreach Coordinator, Monitor National Marine Sanctuary
Michelle Fox is the On-Shore Coordinator for Monitor Expedition 2002. She recently joined the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary team as the National Submerged Cultural Resources Outreach and Education Coordinator.She has spent most of her professional career in Washington, DC, first working for the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation from 1992 to 1995. From there, she served as a legislative assistant in the Office of Senator Ernest F. Hollings (D-SC) for three years. Following her departure from Capitol Hill, Ms. Fox joined NOAAs Office of Legislative Affairs, where she worked on legislation and appropriations for several NOAA line offices, including Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, the National Ocean Service, and the National Marine Fisheries Service.
NOAA Public Affairs
Media Coordinator, Monitor Expedition 2002
David Hall is a media relations specialist with Vanguard Communications in Washington, DC. He will provide contract services in media relations and communications to the National Marine Sanctuary Program beginning in June 2002, and will provide media relations support for NOAA during Monitor Expedition 2002. Mr. Hall has been involved in numerous media projects and campaigns, and has been especially active with the Center for Marine Conservation, NOAAs National Marine Fisheries Service and, most recently, with the American Oceans Campaign. He has also done a considerable amount of free-lance consultation.
NOAA, Monitor National Marine Sanctuary
Shift Leader, NOAA Archaeological Team, Monitor Expedition 2002
Program Specialist, Monitor National Marine Sanctuary
Jeff Johnston has been a research assistant and program specialist with the Monitor Sanctuary since 1995. During Monitor Expedition 2002, he will serve as shift leader of the NOAA Archaeology Team for a 12-hour shift each day. He will also provide topside support for recordkeeping, historical background information and detailed information on the design and construction of the Monitor, as well as the details of the wreck site. Mr. Johnston has more than 20 years of experience in the field of maritime history. He has implemented and designed interpretive/educational programs for numerous museums, and state and national parks. He specializes in the navies of the American Civil War. He has researched, designed, and taught programs for students ranging from middle schoolers to adults on such subjects as the common life of sailors in the 18th and 19th centuries to the experimental weapons and ironclads used by the Union and Confederate navies. In his current position, Mr. Johnston has become one of the leading experts on the Monitor, particularly on the details of its layout and construction.
LT David R. Arning, SC, USNR
Supply Officer, Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit TWO
Logistics Cell Head
LT David R. Arning earned a BS in political science and received his commission from the U. S. Naval Academy in 1997. LT Arnings initial assignment was as the Training Officer aboard the aircraft carrier USS KITTY HAWK (CV 63), home-ported in Yokosuka, Japan. After his tour overseas, LT Arning laterally transferred into the supply community and graduated from the Navy Supply Corps School in Athens, Georgia, in April 2000. He then served aboard the guided missile destroyer USS BARRY (DDG 52) as the Assistant Supply Officer in charge of disbursing and sales. LT Arning is currently assigned to Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit TWO as the Supply Officer. As the Logistics Cell Head for Monitor Expedition 2002, LT Arning is responsible for coordinating all financial, communications and supply-related logistics support.
CWO2 Richard Cavey, USN
Officer in Charge, Mobile Diving & Salvage Unit TWO Detachment Delta
Expedition Officer in Charge, Monitor Expedition 2002
Chief Warrant Officer Richard Cavey enlisted in the U.S. Navy in July 1983. He reported to his first command, USS MCKEE (AS 41), in June 1984. In 1986, he received orders to First Class Dive School in Panama City, Florida, and upon graduation he was assigned to USS ACADIA (AD 42). Later, CWO2 Cavey became diving supervisor at the Dive Locker at Trident Refit Facility in Bangor, WA, before attending Saturation Dive School in Panama City, FL. There, he distinguished himself by graduating first in the class. In October 1990, he was transferred to Commander Submarine Development Group One Det Alameda, where he was promoted to Chief Petty Officer. While deployed on a combatant ship of the Pacific Fleet, Chief Petty Officer Cavey distinguished himself by earning the Enlisted Submarine Silver Dolphins warfare insignia. In April 1997, he was promoted to Senior Chief Petty Officer. He was selected for a commission under the Chief Warrant Officer Program. His first tour as a commissioned officer is an assignment as Officer in Charge of Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit TWO Detachment Delta in Little Creek, VA.
Captain Christopher Murray
U.S. Navy, Supervisor of Diving
Program Manager, Monitor Expedition 2002
As the Program Manager for the Monitor 2002 mission, Capt. Murray is responsible for project management and engineering coordination, on-site salvage engineering support, overall coordination between NOAA, Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit Two, and Phoenix International, and oversight of Navy contractors and subcontractors. Capt. Murray received his commission from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1977, and attended the Navy Diving and Salvage Training Center in Panama City, FL in 1981. He commanded both the USS Bolster and Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit Two. He has managed numerous large-scale salvage operations, and led a successful mission to the USS Monitor in 1998. He also served as the Program Manager for the successful recovery of the Monitors engine in 2001. Captain Murray is now the Supervisor of Diving for Naval Sea Systems Command.
Commander Barbara L. Scholley
U.S. Navy, Commanding Officer, Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit Two
On-scene Commander, Monitor Expedition 2002
Commander Scholley is the On-scene Commander for Monitor Expedition 2002. She received her commission in 1981 from the Officer Candidate School in Newport, RI. She served aboard ship as an Electrical Officer, Diving Officer, Operations Officer and Executive Officer, and was a Navigation Piloting Instructor at the U.S. Naval Academy before assuming command of the USS Bolster in October 1992. At that time, she was only the fourth woman to command a commissioned U.S. Navy ship. Her extensive supervisory experience in diving and salvage operations includes serving as the Supervisor of Diving during the TWA Flight 800 Salvage and Recovery Operation.
LT Douglas Smith, USN
Operations Officer, Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit TWO
Operations Officer, Monitor Expedition 2002
Lieutenant Doug Smith enlisted in the U.S. Navy in July 1982. He reported to his first command, EODMU ONE, Barbers Point, HI, in July 1984, and deployed onboard the USS SHASTA (AE 33) for a six-month Indian Ocean assignment where he earned the Naval Parachutist designation. LT Smith was next assigned to EODMU NINE Detachment Naval Weapons Station, Concord, CA, in December 1987, and subsequently qualified as a Senior Explosive Ordnance Technician. In 1990, he returned to Hawaii for instructor duty at EODTEU ONE where he was promoted to Chief Petty Officer and selected for the Enlisted Commissioning Program. In 1994, he graduated with a BA in university studies from the University of New Mexico and was commissioned as an Ensign. He served onboard the USS SACRAMENTO (AOE 1) as a Deck Division Officer. After earning his Surface Warfare Officer designation in 1997, he returned to the Explosive Ordnance Disposal field for a tour of duty at EODMU TWO, Little Creek, VA. Shortly after reporting as Officer in Charge of Detachment 24, he earned his Master Explosive Ordnance Disposal designation, was promoted to Lieutenant, and deployed his detachment to Bosnia in support of Operation Joint Forge. His last assignment at EODMU TWO was on the USS JOHN F. KENNEDY (CV 67) as the EOD Staff Officer. He then transferred to Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit TWO in Little Creek, VA, for duty as the Operations Officer.
JOC (SW/AW) Michael J. Viola
U.S. Navy Public Affairs Officer
U.S. Navy, Shore Logistics Coordinator, Monitor Expedition 2002
Journalist Chief Michael J. Viola will serve as the Navy's Public Affairs Officer for the expedition, coordinating Navy media activities with the media representatives from NOAA and The Mariners' Museum. Chief Viola enlisted in the Navy as a Seaman Recruit under the Navys Apprenticeship Training Program. He reported to USS KANSAS CITY (AOR3) as an undesignated Fireman Recruit in July 1984. He was selected for Journalist A School in May 1985 and was then assigned to USS GERMANTOWN (LSD 42) as an independent duty journalist. He left the Navy in 1989. After serving with the Naval Reserve, he returned to the Navy in September 1990 and reported to USS COWPENS (CG 63). He then reported to USS JASON (AR 8) and headed the ships public affairs office and television studio. In November 1992, Chief Viola reported as Public Affairs Officer for the Navy Recruiting District San Diego. He was meritoriously promoted to First Class Petty Officer under the Recruiter Excellence Incentive Program and received six silver stars for excellence in recruiter support. His next assignment was Navy Broadcasting Detachment, Bahrain, where he was the Operations Manager and Assistant Officer in Charge. Chief Viola was then assigned to Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet Public Affairs Office, where he assisted with presidential and other VIP visits as well as escorting media for local Navy events. In March 2001, he reported to USS HARRY S. TRUMAN (CVN 75), where he was promoted to his present rank and earned the Enlisted Surface Warfare Specialist device. After his promotion, he transferred to USS BATAAN (LHD 5), where he earned his Enlisted Aviation Warfare Specialist device and serves as the ships Public Affairs Officer.
The Mariners' Museum
Wayne R. Lusardi
Conservator, The Mariners' Museum
On-Site Conservator, Monitor Expedition 2002
Wayne Lusardi is trained as both a conservator and a museum registrar, with experience in both conservation theory and hands-on applications. He completed conservation-related classes at Texas A&M University and East Carolina University (ECU), and holds an MA in maritime history and nautical archaeology from ECU. He worked as a conservator at the Illinois State Museum and the ECU Conservation Laboratory. Mr. Lusardi has designed, constructed, equipped and maintained conservation laboratories. His most recent position was as the Archaeological Conservator, Queen Annes Revenge Shipwreck Project, North Carolina Division of Archives and History, where he was responsible for the conservation of artifacts from this wreck, which has been identified as the pirate Blackbeards flagship. He became a Conservator at The Mariners' Museum in June 2002.
Media Relations Manager, The Mariners' Museum, Newport News, VA
Media Coordinator, Monitor Expedition 2002
Justin Lyons is a graduate of Western Carolina University, where he majored in communications, concentrating in journalism, with a minor in professional writing. After graduating in 1997, he began writing for the Lake Norman Times in Charlotte, NC. During his two-and-a-half-year tenure at the weekly paper, he became editor and created a monthly newspaper called Huntersville Times. He became Media Relations Coordinator for The Mariners Museum in Newport News, Virginia in October 1999. His responsibilities include managing the Museum's Speakers Bureau, publicizing exhibitions and special events, and working with national and local media on stories pertaining to the Museum, as well as writing articles and press releases on topics surrounding the 70-year-old institution. Mr. Lyons will coordinate with NOAA and U.S. Navy public relations officers to promote Monitor Expedition 2002 and the conservation of recovered artifacts.
Conservator, The Mariners' Museum, Newport News, VA
Conservator, Monitor Expedition 2002
As a Conservator at The Mariners' Museum, Mr. Peterson specializes in the conservation of material and data from underwater archaeological sites, and has been associated with the Monitor since 1978. He has conserved a variety of material from the USS Monitor, including the anchor, the propeller, ceramics, glass bottles, and ferrous and nonferrous metals. A former conservator for the North Carolina Department of Archives and History, he has 30 years of experience in the field. His work has included conserving materials from Spanish wrecks for the Florida Division of Archives and History, from the Browns Ferry Vessel for the University of South Carolina, from the Richmond Floodwall, and from the wreck of the HMS DeBraak.
Phoenix International, Inc
Co-founder, Phoenix International, Inc.
Project Manager, Monitor Expedition 2002
Tom Bailey was one of the original founders of Phoenix International in 1997. Phoenix is the current holder of the U.S. Navy Diving and Diving Related Services Contract as well as the U.S. Navy Search and Recovery Contract. He is an experienced welder-diver, diving supervisor, and project manager who has been deeply involved with Phoenixs support of contracts with the U.S. Navy throughout the world. Mr. Bailey has more than 22 years of experience in the commercial diving industry, most of which were spent in the Gulf of Mexico offshore oil industry. He is one of the top underwater welders in the world, and has extensive experience in waterborne ship repairs and underwater ship husbandry, marine construction and rigging. Mr. Bailey served in this same capacity during the successful 2001 Monitor engine recovery expedition.
Eric B. Emery
U.S. Army Central Identification Laboratory, Hawaii
Eric B. Emery attended the University of Vermont, where he completed an MA in history with an emphasis in military studies in 1995. Shortly thereafter, he co-authored a Legacy Grant (1995-1996) with Texas A&M Universitys Nautical Archaeology Program, and served as the Assistant Field Director for an underwater archaeological investigation of the U.S. Navy Row Galley Allen from the War of 1812. Allen subsequently became the topic of his doctoral studies at Texas A&M University. Mr. Emery has been actively involved in terrestrial and underwater archaeological fieldwork since 1993. He has worked extensively in North and South America with such institutions as the U.S. Naval Historical Center, Florida State University, the Institute of Nautical Archaeology, and others. Mr. Emery joined the U.S. Army Central Identification Laboratory, HI (CILHI) as a participant in the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Technology (ORISE) fellowship program in July 2001. Since then, he has conducted search and recovery operations for missing U.S. Service Members in Papua New Guinea, Vietnam, and Laos.
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